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Informal trade: looking beyond the trees


  • Roda Jean-Marc

    () (Forest Research Institute Malaysia)

  • Ismariah Ahmad

    () (Forest Research Institute Malaysia)

  • Noor Aini Zakaria

    () (Forest Research Institute Malaysia)


Informal and regional timber trades are commonly understood and primarily viewed as domestic trade. The development of these informal and regional trades is not only fueled by factors such as the dynamics of economic growth and local livelihoods, and the globalisation and increasing interdependence of economies, but also the weakening of the states, and institutions in the less developed countries. There are increasing indications and analyses, showing the growth and the extent of the informal trades beyond national borders, either for chainsaw milled (primary) or processed timbers. Regional informal timber trades in Asia (Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam and South China) and in Africa (Cameroon, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan and Ghana) are becoming abundant reflecting similar developments as in agricultural products.

Suggested Citation

  • Roda Jean-Marc & Ismariah Ahmad & Noor Aini Zakaria, 2012. "Informal trade: looking beyond the trees," EAS Strategic Options, CIRAD, Forest department, UPR40, vol. 2012(14), pages 12-13, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:epf:easopt:201209

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    Malaysia; forest products; timber; market; Informal trade;


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