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Impact of Economic Crises on Mortality: The Case of Mexico


  • Eva Olimpia Arceo-Gómez

    (Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas)


We analyze the impact of economic crises on mortality in Mexico. Identification of that effect is difficult because the GDP itself may be a function of health. In order to solve for endogeneity, we propose the use of two sets of instrumental variables at the state level. Our findings suggest that a one percent decrease in GDP would lead to an increase of 0.5 percent of the mortality rates. Children and the elderly constitute the most vulnerable groups. The findings imply that the 2008 crisis sent us back to 2001 infant mortality levels, reversing Mexico's progress to attain that MDG.

Suggested Citation

  • Eva Olimpia Arceo-Gómez, 2010. "Impact of Economic Crises on Mortality: The Case of Mexico," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 25(1), pages 135-175.
  • Handle: RePEc:emx:esteco:v:25:y:2010:i:1:p:135-175

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    Mexico; business cycle; economic crisis; MDGs;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean


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