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Cambio estructural comandado por apertura comercial. El caso de la economía mexicana


  • María Elena Cardero

    (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)

  • Fidel Aroche

    (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)


Using Input Output analysis and a special methodology to measure import and export composition the authors make an analysis of the impact of trade liberalization in Mexico. Results seem far away from what was forecasted at the beginning of the 90's. Exports surge were accompanied by similar imports rates of growth and the import substitution model moved to and import export model. Input Output analysis showed a structural disintegration of the former productive sector. Employment performance was very poor and most of the new jobs created by the export productive sector were built outside the national boundaries.

Suggested Citation

  • María Elena Cardero & Fidel Aroche, 2008. "Cambio estructural comandado por apertura comercial. El caso de la economía mexicana," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 23(2), pages 203-252.
  • Handle: RePEc:emx:esteco:v:23:y:2008:i:2:p:203-253

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    trade liberalization ; import-export model; input-output matrix; employment; NAFTA.;

    JEL classification:

    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean


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