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Is financial development a spur to poverty reduction? Kenya's experience

Author

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  • Nicholas M. Odhiambo

Abstract

Purpose - The paper seeks to examine the inter-temporal causal relationship between financial development and poverty reduction in Kenya during the period 1968-2006. The study attempts to answer one critical question: is financial development in Kenya a spur to poverty reduction? Design/methodology/approach - The study uses a trivariate causality model based on cointegration and error-correction mechanism. Unlike the majority of the previous studies, the current study incorporates the savings rate as an intermittent variable in the bivariate causality setting between financial development and poverty reduction – thereby creating a simple trivariate causality model. Findings - The study finds a distinct causal flow from financial development to poverty reduction in Kenya. In addition, the study finds a uni-directional causality from financial development to savings and a bi-directional causality between savings and poverty reduction. The results apply irrespective of whether the causality test is conducted in the short run or in the long run. Practical implications - The empirical results of this study will help policy makers to determine whether the financial development in Kenya is pro-poor and pro-savings. Originality/value - Although several attempts have been made to investigate the relationship between financial development, savings, economic growth and other macroeconomic variables, very few studies have examined the impact of financial development on the ultimate policy goal, i.e. poverty reduction. Moreover, the majority of the previous studies are based mainly on Asia and Latin America – affording sub-Saharan African countries very little or no coverage at all.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2010. "Is financial development a spur to poverty reduction? Kenya's experience," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 37(3), pages 343-353, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:jespps:v:37:y:2010:i:3:p:343-353
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Asongu, Simplice A. & Odhiambo, Nicholas M., 2017. "Mobile banking usage, quality of growth, inequality and poverty in developing countries," Working Papers 23396, University of South Africa, Department of Economics.
    2. Salah Abosedra & Muhammad Shahbaz & Kishwar Nawaz, 2016. "Modeling Causality Between Financial Deepening and Poverty Reduction in Egypt," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 126(3), pages 955-969, April.
    3. Uddin, Gazi Salah & Shahbaz, Muhammad & Arouri, Mohamed & Teulon, Frédéric, 2014. "Financial development and poverty reduction nexus: A cointegration and causality analysis in Bangladesh," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 405-412.
    4. repec:ids:ijhdev:v:4:y:2018:i:1:p:65-89 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Risikat Oladoyin S. Dauda & Kayode, O. Makinde, 2014. "Financial Sector Development and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria: A Vector Autoregression Analysis (1980-2010)," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 4(8), pages 1040-1061, August.
    6. Abdelhafidh Dhrifi, 2013. "Financial Development and Poverty: What Role for Growth and Inequality?," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 3(4), pages 119-129, October.
    7. Simplice A. Asongu & Ndemaze Asongu, 2018. "Comparative determinants of quality of growth in developing countries," International Journal of Happiness and Development, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 4(1), pages 65-89.
    8. Ho, Sin-Yu & Njindan Iyke, Bernard, 2017. "Does Financial Development Lead to Poverty Reduction in China? Time Series Evidence," MPRA Paper 78922, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Ijaz Rehman & Muhammad Shahbaz, 2014. "Multivariate-based Granger causality between financial deepening and poverty: the case of Pakistan," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 48(6), pages 3221-3241, November.
    10. repec:eme:ijsepp:ijse-08-2016-0221 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Simplice Asongu & Jules R. Minkoua N, 2017. "Dynamic Openness and Finance in Africa," Working Papers 17/040, African Governance and Development Institute..
    12. Madhu Sehrawat & A. K. Giri, 2016. "Financial development, poverty and rural-urban income inequality: evidence from South Asian countries," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 50(2), pages 577-590, March.
    13. Yaya Keho, 2016. "Revisiting the Financial Development and Poverty Reduction Nexus for Sub-Saharan African Countries: Evidence from Causality Tests in the Time and Frequency Domains," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(4), pages 1906-1910.
    14. Lawrence Sáez, 2013. "Methods in governance research: a review of research approaches," Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper Series esid-017-13, BWPI, The University of Manchester.
    15. Simplice Asongu & Jacinta C. Nwachukwu, 2017. "Recent finance advances in information technology for inclusive development: a survey," Working Papers 17/009, African Governance and Development Institute..
    16. Boukhatem, Jamel, 2016. "Assessing the direct effect of financial development on poverty reduction in a panel of low- and middle-income countries," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 214-230.
    17. Asongu, Simplice A. & Nwachukwu, Jacinta C., 2017. "Quality of Growth Empirics: Comparative gaps, benchmarking and policy syndromes," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 39(5), pages 861-882.
    18. Simplice Asongu & Ndemaze Asongu, 2018. "The comparative exploration of mobile money services in inclusive development," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 45(1), pages 124-139, January.

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    Keywords

    Africa; Kenya; Economic growth; Poverty;

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