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Competitividad internacional y desarrollo tecnológico: la industria manufacturera mexicana frente a la apertura comercial


  • Luis E. Arjona

    (Investigador. División de Economía, CIDE. México, D.F. Mexico.)

  • Kurt Unger

    (Investigador. División de Economía, CIDE. México, D.F. Mexico.)


This paper analyzes the prospects for Mexican industry after opening to freer trade. The first part deals with the impact during transition on industrial capacity, particularly the loss of technological capabilities and the scarce development of industrial linkages. The second part shows the recent pattern of industrial specialization in Mexico lacking sectorial linkages, increasing imports content and heavily concentrated in scale intensive and resource based industries. The specialization has favored activities of little technological dynamism where most technological innovations are controlled or dominated through suppliers.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis E. Arjona & Kurt Unger, 1996. "Competitividad internacional y desarrollo tecnológico: la industria manufacturera mexicana frente a la apertura comercial," Economía Mexicana NUEVA ÉPOCA, , vol. 0(2), pages 187-220, July-Dece.
  • Handle: RePEc:emc:ecomex:v:5:y:1996:i:2:p:187-220

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    Cited by:

    1. Jasso Villazul, Javier, 1999. "Technological maturity in the world petrochemical industry," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.
    2. Fujii, Dmitri, 2009. "Who Wants To Be a Genius?," Panorama Económico, Escuela Superior de Economía, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, vol. 0(09), pages 7-54, segundo s.

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