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Terms of Trade and Balance of Trade: Some Evidence for the Argentine Economy


  • Luis N. Lanteri

    () (Economista senior, Banco Central de la República Argentina. Buenos Aires.)


The terms of trade faced by commodity producing countries have improved markedly in recent years, generating significant changes in their economies. This paper examines the effect of these shocks on Argentina’s domestic product and trade balance. In particular, this paper attempts to verify the existence of the Harberger- Laursen-Metzler (HLM) effect: an increase (decrease) in the terms of trade would lead to an improvement (deterioration) in the trade balance. To this end we use a structural VAR approach, which allows us to estimate the effects of unanticipated terms of trade shocks on the domestic product and trade balance in the long run. We find preliminary evidence that supports the existence of the HLM effect. Further, positive terms of trade shocks have a positive and permanent effect on real GDP.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis N. Lanteri, 2009. "Terms of Trade and Balance of Trade: Some Evidence for the Argentine Economy," Economía Mexicana NUEVA ÉPOCA, , vol. 0(2), pages 221-248, July-Dece.
  • Handle: RePEc:emc:ecomex:v:18:y:2009:i:2:p:221-248

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    trade balance; terms of trade; Harberger-Laursen-Metzler effect; structural vector auto-regression approach.;

    JEL classification:

    • C3 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics


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