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México 2000-2002. Reducción de la pobreza con estabilidad y expansión de programas sociales


  • Miguel Székely

    () (Secretaría de Desarrollo Social, México.)

  • Ericka Rascón

    () (Secretaría de Desarrollo Social, México.)


During the 90’s, poverty in Mexico followed the economic cycle. It diminished with GDP growth and with the stability observed during 1992-94, and it increased considerably between 1994 and 1996 as consequence of the macroeconomic crisis experienced in 1995. From 1996 to the year 2000 the recovery in economic growth matched a sustained reduction in poverty. This paper analyzes the evolution of poverty during the period 2000-2002. We show that in spite of being years of stagnation, considerable reductions in poverty were observed. We argue that what makes a difference for this period is: i) economic stability that allowed both, increases in real wages, and relative price reductions in some of the products included in the food basket taken as a reference to construct the poverty line, and ii) the expansion of the social safety net targeted to the poorest sectors of society by an unprecedented expansion of social programs. In terms of methodology, our contributions consist of adapting the official methodology for measuring poverty adopted by the Mexican government, to evaluate poverty changes in time, and to offer a decomposition of changes in poverty by income source.

Suggested Citation

  • Miguel Székely & Ericka Rascón, 2005. "México 2000-2002. Reducción de la pobreza con estabilidad y expansión de programas sociales," Economía Mexicana NUEVA ÉPOCA, , vol. 0(2), pages 217-269, July-Dece.
  • Handle: RePEc:emc:ecomex:v:14:y:2005:i:2:p:217-269

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Easterly, William & Rebelo, Sergio, 1993. "Marginal income tax rates and economic growth in developing countries," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 37(2-3), pages 409-417, April.
    2. Edward C. Prescott, 2004. "Why do Americans work so much more than Europeans?," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Jul, pages 2-13.
    3. Mendoza, Enrique G. & Razin, Assaf & Tesar, Linda L., 1994. "Effective tax rates in macroeconomics: Cross-country estimates of tax rates on factor incomes and consumption," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 297-323, December.
    4. Douglas Gollin, 2002. "Getting Income Shares Right," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 110(2), pages 458-474, April.
    5. Mendoza, Enrique G. & Tesar, Linda L., 2005. "Why hasn't tax competition triggered a race to the bottom? Some quantitative lessons from the EU," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 163-204, January.
    6. Mendoza, Enrique G. & Milesi-Ferretti, Gian Maria & Asea, Patrick, 1997. "On the ineffectiveness of tax policy in altering long-run growth: Harberger's superneutrality conjecture," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(1), pages 99-126, October.
    7. Thomas Dalsgaard, 2000. "The Tax System in Mexico: A Need for Strengthening the Revenue-Raising Capacity," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 233, OECD Publishing.
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    poverty; Mexico; economic stability;


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