IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Wage Inequality and the Gender Wage Gap in Mexico


  • Liliana Meza González

    () (Universidad Anáhuac. Huixquilucan, E.M. Mexico)


Using data from the Urban Employment Survey, this article shows that the gender wage gap in Mexico decreased from 1988 to 1996, and that it raised from 1996 to 1998, either if it is measured as the mean wage differential, or as the differential at different points of the wage distributions. The study tries to distinguish among the reasons behind these changes, given that the Mexican economy has experienced an increase in wage inequality between skilled and unskilled workers, and that Mexican women are acquiring more formal education and are participating more in the labor force. The analysis shows that wage inequality within gender groups increased between 1988 and 1996, and that it decreased between 1996 and 1998. The analysis also shows that wage inequality was higher within the male group until 1996, but from 1996 to 1998, wage inequality is larger for the female labor force. Using a decomposition analysis, the article shows that gender specific factors worked for a drop in the gender pay gap until 1996, and that they worked against it in the 1996- 1998 period. The analysis also shows that male wage inequality worked against the gender wage gap until 1996, and that it worked for it in the 1996-1998 period.

Suggested Citation

  • Liliana Meza González, 2001. "Wage Inequality and the Gender Wage Gap in Mexico," Economía Mexicana NUEVA ÉPOCA, , vol. 0(2), pages 291-323, July-Dece.
  • Handle: RePEc:emc:ecomex:v:10:y:2001:i:2:p:291-323

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:emc:ecomex:v:10:y:2001:i:2:p:291-323. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Ricardo Tiscareño). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.