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Europe at the Cross Roads: Structural Reforms, Fiscal Constraints, and EMU Enlargement–An Empirical Analysis


  • Andrew Hughes Hallett

    (Vanderbilt University and CEPR)

  • Svend E. Hougaard Jensen

    (CEBR and SDU)

  • Christian Richter

    (Department of Economics, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE11, 3TU, UK)


This paper studies the incentives to enlarge a monetary union under alternative assumptions about the extent of market reform within the union and in candidate countries. Lack of labour mobility, or wage/price flexibility, or fiscal reform, brings costs for both new entrants and in the existing union. Countries will only want to join a union where there has been sufficient reform, and where markets are more flexible than their own. But existing members will want the same properties of their new partners. Fiscal restrictions may exaggerate this incentive mismatch and could delay the necessary reforms. Similarly, too large costs up front may also delay those reforms.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrew Hughes Hallett & Svend E. Hougaard Jensen & Christian Richter, 2005. "Europe at the Cross Roads: Structural Reforms, Fiscal Constraints, and EMU Enlargement–An Empirical Analysis," Ekonomia, Cyprus Economic Society and University of Cyprus, vol. 8(1), pages 21-50, Summer.
  • Handle: RePEc:ekn:ekonom:v:8:y:2005:i:1:p:21-50

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Klaus Weyerstrass & Reinhard Neck, 2008. "Macroeconomic effects of Slovenia’s integration in the Euro Area," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 35(4), pages 391-403, September.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission


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