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Demokrasinin Temel Ilkeleri ve Modern Demokrasi Kuramlari

  • Nesrin Demir

    ()

    (Pamukkale Universitesi, Iktisadi ve Idari Bilimler Fakultesi, Calisma Ekonomisi ve Endustri Iliskileri Bolumu)

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    Genel olarak bakildiginda, halkin yonetimi anlamina gelen demokrasinin tarih boyunca farkli toplumlar tarafindan farkli uygulamalarla bugune geldigi gorulur. Toplumlar, demokrasiyi kendi sosyo-ekonomik, politik ve hukuksal yapilarina gore farkli bir bicimde yasamislardir. Demokrasi, klasik Yunan doneminden bugune degin, farkli bakis acilarindan irdelenmis ve ancak 20yy’da itibar gormeye baslamistir. Bugun, saygin bir yere sahip olan demokrasi, bir siyasal rejim olarak insan haklarinin gerceklestigi duzeni temsil etmektedir. Demokrasinin temel ilkeleri olan; ozgurluk ve esitlik, siyasal temsil, siyasal katilim ve haklar demokrasinin hicbir zaman prosedurlere ya da kurumlara indirgenemez olma ozelligini ortaya koymaktadir. Demokrasi realist demokrasi kuramlarinda yer aldigi gibi, yani demokratik olarak kabul edilen mevcut yonetim bicimlerinin ortak ozellikleri olan asgari usul sartlarina gore degerlendirildigi takdirde demokrasi kavrami yeterince anlasilmamis olur. Cunku siradan bir demokrasi bu sartlardan cok daha fazla niteliklere sahiptir. 20yy’dan once ortaya cikan modern demokrasi kuramlarinin onculleri bugune kadar tartisilan klasik demokrasi kuramlaridir. Gelismis demokrasi bakis acisindan incelendiginde bu kuramlarin kendine ozgu belli kisitlamalari oldugu goze carpmaktadir. Modern demokrasi kuramlari bu eksikligi ortaya koymakla birlikte kuramlar karsilastirildiginda bunlarinda zayif ve guclu yonleri ortaya cikmaktadir. Bugun genel kabul goren ve gerek siyasi gerek akademik ve gerekse sosyal platformlarda sik sik tartisilan demokrasi kavrami yaygin bir sekilde sorun cozucu olarak bakilmaktadir. Diger taraftan tum yonleri ile alindiginda sorun uretici yani da gozlemlenebilmektedir.

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    Article provided by Ege University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences in its journal Ege Academic Review.

    Volume (Year): 10 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 597-611

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    Handle: RePEc:ege:journl:v:10:y:2010:i:2:p:597-611
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://iibf.ege.edu.tr/ENG/
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