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Turkiye’de Liberal Politikalarin Bankacilik Sektorune Etkileri (1847–1979)

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  • N. Oguzhan ALTAY

    () (Ege Universitesi, IIBF, Iktisat Bolumu)

Abstract

Liberal dusunce 1830’lu yillardan itibaren Osmanli Imparatorlugu’nda taraftar bulurken, liberal politikalar genel ekonomik yapiyi olumsuz etkilemis ve 1847 yilinda ilk banka kurulmustur. Cumhuriyet’le birlikte Turkiye’de piyasa kosullarinin egemen olacagi iktisadi duzenin yerlestirilmesine yonelik uygulanan politikalar kapsaminda, 1924 yilinda ozel sektor milli bankaciliginin ilk ornegi olan Turkiye Is Bankasi kurulur. Ikinci Dunya Savasi’ni izleyen donemde yeniden liberallesme arayislari vardir ve bu liberal dalganin etkileri kendini cok sayida ozel sermayeli milli bankalar kurulmasiyla gosterir. Turkiye’deki buyuk liberallesme dalgasinin baslangici kabul edilebilecek 24 Ocak 1980 iktisadi kararlari ve sonrasinda uygulanan finansal liberallesme politikalari Turk Bankaciliginda hem yeni islem ve kurumlar, hem de ozel ve yabanci bankalarin onemli olcude genislemesine ortam hazirlar.

Suggested Citation

  • N. Oguzhan ALTAY, 2010. "Turkiye’de Liberal Politikalarin Bankacilik Sektorune Etkileri (1847–1979)," Ege Academic Review, Ege University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, vol. 10(1), pages 319-350.
  • Handle: RePEc:ege:journl:v:10:y:2010:i:1:p:319-350
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    JEL classification:

    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit

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