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Sovereignty through Welfare Reform? A Case Study of the Klamath Tribes of Oregon


  • Elizabeth Zahrt Geib

    () (Economics Department, Lewis and Clark College)


The 1996 Welfare Reform Act gives Native American tribes and organizations the opportunity to administer their own welfare programs. This paper characterizes tribal welfare programs (tribal TANF) in general and provides a more detailed case study of the program administered by the Klamath Tribes in Oregon. The paper argues that success of tribal TANF programs cannot be measured solely at the individual, or caseload, level but must also consider the impact of tribal TANF on tribal sovereignty.

Suggested Citation

  • Elizabeth Zahrt Geib, 2003. "Sovereignty through Welfare Reform? A Case Study of the Klamath Tribes of Oregon," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 29(2), pages 165-178, Spring.
  • Handle: RePEc:eej:eeconj:v:29:y:2003:i:2:p:165-178

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    JEL classification:

    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination


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