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Effects of transport service differentiation in the US domestic airline market

Author

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  • Fu, Xiaowen
  • Dresner, Martin
  • Oum, Tae H.

Abstract

This study proposes a framework to identify and measure the extent of product differentiation among services provided by transportation firms, and applies it to the US domestic airline markets. By formulating and estimating an Almost Ideal Demand System and a set of price response equations for competing carriers, we investigate empirically the degree of substitutability between the services provided by Full Service Airlines (FSAs) and Low Cost Carriers (LCCs). Our results indicate that there is a significant differentiation in services provided by FSAs and LCCs. As a result, the presence of LCCs alone will not ensure healthy competition in a market. Therefore, it is important for public policy makers to attempt to maintain competition between FSAs even in the markets where LCCs have substantial market shares.

Suggested Citation

  • Fu, Xiaowen & Dresner, Martin & Oum, Tae H., 2011. "Effects of transport service differentiation in the US domestic airline market," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 47(3), pages 297-305, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transe:v:47:y:2011:i:3:p:297-305
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Melo Filho, Cícero R. & Salgado, Lucia Helena & Sato, Renato Cesar & Oliveira, Alessandro V.M., 2014. "Modeling the effects of wage premiums on airline competition under asymmetric economies of density: A case study from Brazil," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 59-68.
    2. Wang, Kun & Fan, Xingli & Fu, Xiaowen & Zhou, Yiran, 2014. "Benchmarking the performance of Chinese airlines: An investigation of productivity, yield and cost competitiveness," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 3-14.
    3. repec:eee:jaitra:v:64:y:2017:i:pb:p:101-112 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Jiang, Yonglei & Yao, Baozhen & Wang, Lu & Feng, Tao & Kong, Lu, 2017. "Evolution trends of the network structure of Spring Airlines in China: A temporal and spatial analysis," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 18-30.
    5. repec:eee:transa:v:106:y:2017:i:c:p:215-234 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Homsombat, Winai & Lei, Zheng & Fu, Xiaowen, 2014. "Competitive effects of the airlines-within-airlines strategy – Pricing and route entry patterns," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 1-16.
    7. Hideki Murakami, 2012. "Dynamic Effect of Low-Cost Entry on the Conduct Parameter: An Early-Stage Analysis of Southwest Airlines and America West Airlines," Discussion Papers 2012-25, Kobe University, Graduate School of Business Administration.
    8. Murakami, Hideki & Amano, Yoshihisa & Asahi, Ryota, 2015. "Dynamic effect of inter-firm rivalry on airfares: Case of Japan's full-service and new air carriers," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 44, pages 25-33.
    9. Hideki Murakami & Yoshihisa Amano, 2013. "Dynamic effect of inter-airline rivalry on airfares and consumers' welfare: Japan' s full-service vs. new air carriers," Discussion Papers 2013-31, Kobe University, Graduate School of Business Administration.
    10. Wang, Kun & Gong, Qiang & Fu, Xiaowen & Fan, Xingli, 2014. "Frequency and aircraft size dynamics in a concentrated growth market: The case of the Chinese domestic market," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 50-58.
    11. repec:eee:jaitra:v:64:y:2017:i:pb:p:139-150 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. repec:eee:transa:v:103:y:2017:i:c:p:472-489 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Fu, Xiaowen & Lei, Zheng & Wang, Kun & Yan, Jia, 2015. "Low cost carrier competition and route entry in an emerging but regulated aviation market – The case of China," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 3-16.

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