Prior influence in linear regression when the number of covariates increases to infinity
It is becoming more typical in regression problems today to have the situation where “p>n”, that is, where the number of covariates is greater than the number of observations. Approaches to this problem include such strategies as model selection and dimension reduction, and, of course, a Bayesian approach. However, the discrepancy between p and n can be so large, especially in genomic data, that examining the limiting case where p→∞ can be a relevant calculation. Here we look at the effect of a prior distribution on the coefficients, and in particular characterize the conditions under which, as p→∞, the prior does not overwhelm the data. Specifically, we find that the prior variance on the growing number of covariates must approach zero at rate 1/p, otherwise the prior will overwhelm the data and the posterior distribution of the regression coefficient will equal the prior distribution.
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Volume (Year): 82 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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