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Creating compliance: A cross-sectional study of the factors associated with marine protected area outcomes


  • Warner, Tammy E.
  • Pomeroy, Robert S.


A model for the economics of marine conservation is developed and tested using data from a global sample of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). Results from logistic regressions indicate that significant determinants of positive MPA effects vary among MPA subgroups. These significant regressors include enforcement in later time periods and certain “goodwill building activities” carried out by MPA management, as well as a number of institutional and socioeconomic characteristics of the communities. Policy implications and recommendations for additional research are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Warner, Tammy E. & Pomeroy, Robert S., 2012. "Creating compliance: A cross-sectional study of the factors associated with marine protected area outcomes," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 922-932.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:marpol:v:36:y:2012:i:4:p:922-932
    DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2012.01.003

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    Cited by:

    1. Bennett, Nathan James & Dearden, Philip, 2014. "From measuring outcomes to providing inputs: Governance, management, and local development for more effective marine protected areas," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 50(PA), pages 96-110.
    2. Matz-Lück, Nele & Fuchs, Johannes, 2014. "The impact of OSPAR on protected area management beyond national jurisdiction: Effective regional cooperation or a network of paper parks?," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 155-166.


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