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The emergence and effectiveness of the Marine Stewardship Council


  • Gulbrandsen, Lars H.


This article examines the influence of patterns of emergence on the effectiveness of the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)--a leading wild-capture fisheries certification program. Looking first at the origins and features of this program, direct effects are examined by describing the adoption of the scheme and the impacts of the fishery assessment process. In assessing broader consequences, the article examines patterns of adoption and certification effects that were not necessarily intended or anticipated. The article concludes that fisheries certification alone is unlikely to arrest the decline of fish stocks, and highlights the need for more research on the intersection of private and public efforts to address overfishing and environmental harm resulting from fishing.

Suggested Citation

  • Gulbrandsen, Lars H., 2009. "The emergence and effectiveness of the Marine Stewardship Council," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 654-660, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:marpol:v:33:y:2009:i:4:p:654-660

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    Cited by:

    1. Simon R. Bush & Peter Oosterveer, 2015. "Vertically Differentiating Environmental Standards: The Case of the Marine Stewardship Council," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(2), pages 1-23, February.
    2. Sara Bonanomi & Alessandro Colombelli & Loretta Malvarosa & Maria Cozzolino & Antonello Sala, 2017. "Towards the Introduction of Sustainable Fishery Products: The Bid of a Major Italian Retailer," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(3), pages 1-8, March.
    3. Miret-Pastor, Lluís & Peiró-Signes, Ángel & Segarra-Oña, Maria-del-Val & Herrera-Racionero, Paloma, 2014. "Empirical analysis of sustainable fisheries and the relation to economic performance enhancement: The case of the Spanish fishing industry," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 105-110.
    4. Michele Betsill & Philipp Pattberg & Eleni Dellas, 2011. "Editorial," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 11(1), pages 1-6, March.
    5. Chen, Xianwen & Alfnes , Frode & Rickertsen , Kyrre, 2015. "Labeling Farmed Seafood," Working Paper Series 10-2015, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, School of Economics and Business.
    6. Zezza, Annalisa, 2012. "CERTIFICATION ON SUSTAINABILITY IN THE BIOFUEL SECTOR: a case study on Brazilian ethanol," Congress Papers 124112, Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA).
    7. Jeroen Vos & Rutgerd Boelens, 2014. "Sustainability Standards and the Water Question," Development and Change, International Institute of Social Studies, vol. 45(2), pages 205-230, March.
    8. Bellchambers, Lynda M. & Phillips, Bruce F. & Pérez-Ramírez, Mónica & Lozano-Álvarez, Enrique & Ley-Cooper, Kim & Vega-Velazquez, Armando, 2014. "Addressing environmental considerations for Marine Stewardship Council certification: A case study using lobsters," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 50(PA), pages 249-260.
    9. Eleni Dellas & Philipp Pattberg & Michele Betsill, 2011. "Agency in earth system governance: refining a research agenda," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 11(1), pages 85-98, March.
    10. Ahmed S. Khan, 2012. "Understanding Global Supply Chains and Seafood Markets for the Rebuilding Prospects of Northern Gulf Cod Fisheries," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(11), pages 1-24, November.
    11. Yeeting, Agnes D. & Bush, Simon R. & Ram-Bidesi, Vina & Bailey, Megan, 2016. "Implications of new economic policy instruments for tuna management in the Western and Central Pacific," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 45-52.
    12. Tolentino-Zondervan, Frazen & Berentsen, Paul & Bush, Simon & Idemne, Joseph & Babaran, Ricardo & Lansink, Alfons Oude, 2016. "Comparison of Private Incentive Mechanisms for Improving Sustainability of Filipino Tuna Fisheries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 264-279.
    13. Blackman, Allen & Rivera, Jorge, 2010. "The Evidence Base for Environmental and Socioeconomic Impacts of “Sustainable” Certification," Discussion Papers dp-10-17, Resources For the Future.
    14. Carlson, Anna & Palmer, Charles, 2016. "A qualitative meta-synthesis of the benefits of eco-labeling in developing countries," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 127(C), pages 129-145.
    15. Marieke Douma & Jeroen van Wijk, 2012. "ASC Certified Shrimp: Can Extensive Shrimp Farming Benefit? A case study of Indonesia," Working Papers 2012/46, Maastricht School of Management.
    16. Chen, Xianwen & Alfnes, Frode & Rickertsen, Kyrre, 2014. "Consumer Preferences, Ecolabels, and the Effects of Negative Environmental Information," 2014 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2014, Minneapolis, Minnesota 168094, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    17. Pete Tashman & Jorge Rivera, 2016. "Ecological uncertainty, adaptation, and mitigation in the U.S. ski resort industry: Managing resource dependence and institutional pressures," Strategic Management Journal, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 37(7), pages 1507-1525, July.
    18. Kvalvik, Ingrid & Noestvold, Bjoerg H. & Young, James A., 2014. "National or supranational fisheries sustainability certification schemes? A critical analysis of Norwegian and Icelandic responses," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 137-142.
    19. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:1:p:180-:d:126742 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Olson, Julia & Clay, Patricia M. & Pinto da Silva, Patricia, 2014. "Putting the seafood in sustainable food systems," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 104-111.
    21. repec:eee:ecomod:v:256:y:2013:i:c:p:69-84 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. Hoang, Phi & McGuire, William & Prakash, Aseem, 2016. "Is there Life after Death?: The Enduring Effects of the 33/50 Program on Emission Reductions," 2016 Annual Meeting, July 31-August 2, 2016, Boston, Massachusetts 235556, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.


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