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Approximations and two-sample tests based on P-P and Q-Q plots of the Kaplan-Meier estimators of lifetime distributions


  • Deheuvels, Paul
  • Einmahl, John H. J.


Let Fn and Gn denote the Kaplan-Meier product-limit estimators of lifetime distributions based on two independent samples, and let Fninv and Gninv denote their quantile functions. We consider the corresponding P-P plot Fn(Gninv) and Q-Q plot Fninv(Gn), and establish strong approximations of empirical processes based on these P-P and Q-Q plots by appropriate sequences of Gaussian processes. It is shown that the rates of approximation we obtain are the best which can be achieved by this method. We apply these results to obtain the limiting distributions of test statistics which are functionals of Fn(Gninv(s)) - s, Gn(Fninv(s)) - s, and Fn(Gninv(s)) + Gn(Fninv(s)) - 2s, and propose solutions to the problem of testing the assumption that the underlying lifetime distributions F and G are equal, in the case where the censoring distributions are arbitrary and unknown.

Suggested Citation

  • Deheuvels, Paul & Einmahl, John H. J., 1992. "Approximations and two-sample tests based on P-P and Q-Q plots of the Kaplan-Meier estimators of lifetime distributions," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 200-217, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jmvana:v:43:y:1992:i:2:p:200-217

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    Cited by:

    1. Mushkudiani, N.A. & Einmahl, J.H.J., 2004. "Generalized Probability-Probability Plots," Discussion Paper 2004-84, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    2. Einmahl, J.H.J. & McKeague, I.W., 1999. "Confidence tubes for multiple quantile plots via empirical likelihood," Other publications TiSEM b64493f8-1c01-40fd-b16d-7, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.


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