IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Multi-dimensional multivariate Gaussian Markov random fields with application to image processing


  • Mardia, K. V.


Recently, numerous practical applications of multivariate Gaussian Markov random fields (GMRF) on a lattice have emerged. However, the theory is not satisfactorily developed. We give various properties of multivariate GMRF for multi-dimensional lattice. In particular, some multivariate MRF are given. We discuss estimation procedures and give a numerical example from the area of image processing.

Suggested Citation

  • Mardia, K. V., 1988. "Multi-dimensional multivariate Gaussian Markov random fields with application to image processing," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 265-284, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jmvana:v:24:y:1988:i:2:p:265-284

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Robinson, P M, 1987. "Asymptotically Efficient Estimation in the Presence of Heteroskedasticity of Unknown Form," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(4), pages 875-891, July.
    2. Andrews, Donald W. K., 1988. "Chi-square diagnostic tests for econometric models : Introduction and applications," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 135-156, January.
    3. Andrews, Donald W K, 1988. "Chi-Square Diagnostic Tests for Econometric Models: Theory," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(6), pages 1419-1453, November.
    4. Pollard, David, 1985. "New Ways to Prove Central Limit Theorems," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 1(03), pages 295-313, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Gamerman, Dani & Moreira, Ajax R. B. & Rue, Havard, 2003. "Space-varying regression models: specifications and simulation," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 513-533, March.
    2. Peter Congdon, 2014. "Estimating life expectancies for US small areas: a regression framework," Journal of Geographical Systems, Springer, vol. 16(1), pages 1-18, January.
    3. Amir Kavousi & Mohammad Meshkani & Mohsen Mohammadzadeh, 2011. "Spatial analysis of auto-multivariate lattice data," Statistical Papers, Springer, vol. 52(4), pages 937-952, November.
    4. Dani Gamerman & Ajax R. B. Moreira, 2015. "Multivariate Spatial Regression Models," Discussion Papers 0116, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
    5. Song, J.J. & Ghosh, M. & Miaou, S. & Mallick, B., 2006. "Bayesian multivariate spatial models for roadway traffic crash mapping," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 97(1), pages 246-273, January.
    6. Arnab Bhattacharjee & Eduardo Castro & Taps Maiti & João Marques, 2014. "Endogenous spatial structure and delineation of submarkets: A new framework with application to housing markets," SEEC Discussion Papers 1403, Spatial Economics and Econometrics Centre, Heriot Watt University.
    7. Sain, Stephan R. & Cressie, Noel, 2007. "A spatial model for multivariate lattice data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 140(1), pages 226-259, September.
    8. Nishii, Ryuei & Eguchi, Shinto, 2006. "Image classification based on Markov random field models with Jeffreys divergence," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 97(9), pages 1997-2008, October.
    9. Wheeler, David C. & Hickson, DeMarc A. & Waller, Lance A., 2010. "Assessing local model adequacy in Bayesian hierarchical models using the partitioned deviance information criterion," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 54(6), pages 1657-1671, June.
    10. Xiaoping Jin & Sudipto Banerjee & Bradley P. Carlin, 2007. "Order-free co-regionalized areal data models with application to multiple-disease mapping," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 69(5), pages 817-838.
    11. repec:bla:jorssa:v:180:y:2017:i:1:p:119-139 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Gamerman, Dani & Moreira, Ajax R. B., 2004. "Multivariate spatial regression models," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 91(2), pages 262-281, November.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:jmvana:v:24:y:1988:i:2:p:265-284. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.