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Micromultinationals:: New Types of Firms for the Global Competitive Landscape


  • Dimitratos, Pavlos
  • Johnson, Jeffrey
  • Slow, Jonathan
  • Young, Stephen


In this article, we provide a preliminary discussion on the emerging phenomenon of micromultinationals (mMNEs). We argue that mMNEs constitute a distinct body of internationalised firms different from large multinationals and other types of internationalised small businesses, such as 'global small firms' and 'international new ventures'. We suggest that the prevalence of mMNEs seems to be growing and we explore the objectives that the mMNE may seek. We also provide preliminary evidence of mMNE success characteristics based on the examination of five case firms in three countries: 'envisage globally, strategise locally' appears to be the philosophy that the investigated successful mMNEs espouse and follow. Implications for management and research in this largely unexplored area are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Dimitratos, Pavlos & Johnson, Jeffrey & Slow, Jonathan & Young, Stephen, 2003. "Micromultinationals:: New Types of Firms for the Global Competitive Landscape," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 164-174, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eurman:v:21:y:2003:i:2:p:164-174

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Eric von Hippel, 1994. ""Sticky Information" and the Locus of Problem Solving: Implications for Innovation," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 40(4), pages 429-439, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Aleluia, João & Leitão, João, 2009. "International Entrepreneurship and Technology Transfer: The CDM´s Reality in China," MPRA Paper 16150, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. John Mathews, 2006. "Dragon multinationals: New players in 21 st century globalization," Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Springer, vol. 23(1), pages 5-27, March.
    3. Alex Rialp & Josep Rialp & David Urbano & Yancy Vaillant, 2005. "The Born-Global Phenomenon: A Comparative Case Study Research," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 3(2), pages 133-171, June.
    4. Eriksson, Taina & Nummela, Niina & Saarenketo, Sami, 2014. "Dynamic capability in a small global factory," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 169-180.
    5. Gassmann, Oliver & Keupp, Marcus Matthias, 2007. "The competitive advantage of early and rapidly internationalising SMEs in the biotechnology industry: A knowledge-based view," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 350-366, September.
    6. Lee Li & Gongming Qian, 2008. "Partnership or self-reliance entry modes: Large and small technology-based enterprises’ strategies in overseas markets," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 6(4), pages 188-208, December.
    7. Hollender, Lina & Zapkau, Florian B. & Schwens, Christian, 2017. "SME foreign market entry mode choice and foreign venture performance: The moderating effect of international experience and product adaptation," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 250-263.
    8. repec:eee:iburev:v:26:y:2017:i:5:p:867-880 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Stephanie Fernhaber, 2013. "Untangling the relationship between new venture internationalization and performance," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 220-242, September.
    10. repec:kap:jinten:v:15:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s10843-017-0200-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Dimitratos, Pavlos & Amorós, José Ernesto & Etchebarne, María Soledad & Felzensztein, Christian, 2014. "Micro-multinational or not? International entrepreneurship, networking and learning effects," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 67(5), pages 908-915.
    12. Varma, Sumati, 2008. "International venturing emerging paradigms - a study of the Indian IT industry," MPRA Paper 14028, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. repec:eee:iburev:v:26:y:2017:i:3:p:527-543 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Dimitratos, Pavlos & Plakoyiannaki, Emmanuella & Pitsoulaki, Antigoni & Tüselmann, Heinz Josef, 2010. "The global smaller firm in international entrepreneurship," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 19(6), pages 589-606, December.
    15. Vanninen, Heini & Kuivalainen, Olli & Ciravegna, Luciano, 2017. "Rapid multinationalization: Propositions for studying born micromultinationals," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 365-379.
    16. Dimitratos, Pavlos & Johnson, Jeffrey E. & Plakoyiannaki, Emmanuella & Young, Stephen, 2016. "SME internationalization: How does the opportunity-based international entrepreneurial culture matter?," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(6), pages 1211-1222.
    17. repec:kap:jinten:v:15:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s10843-017-0204-5 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Valerio Veglio & Antonella Zucchella, 2015. "Entrepreneurial firms in traditional industries. Does innovation matter for international growth?," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 13(2), pages 138-152, June.
    19. Guest Editors & Ana Teresa Tavares & Stephen Young, 2005. "FDI and multinationals: patterns, impacts and policies," International Journal of the Economics of Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(1), pages 3-16.


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