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Penalizaciones salariales por maternidad y segmentación del mercado laboral: el caso de la Argentina

Listed author(s):
  • Casal, María del Pilar
  • Barham, Bradford L.
Registered author(s):

    En este artículo se explora la relación entre la segregación del mercado laboral y las penalizaciones salariales por maternidad en la Argentina en los sectores formal e informal. Se emplean estrategias de estimación de mínimos cuadrados ordinarios (mc o) y regresión por cuantiles, así como la descomposición de Blinder-Oaxaca y la de Ñopo para identificar las fuentes de las diferencias salariales. Se concluye que hay evidencia sólida de segmentación del mercado laboral y que las penalizaciones salariales por maternidad difieren sustancialmente de un sector a otro y entre distintos cuantiles de salarios. En particular, las madres trabajadoras del sector formal no sufren penalizaciones, pero sí las del sector informal. La penalización salarial aumenta con el número de hijos, especialmente por los de menor edad, y es mayor en la base de la distribución salarial condicional, seguida por el extremo superior.

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    File URL: http://repositorio.cepal.org/handle/11362/35933
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    Article provided by Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL) in its journal Revista CEPAL.

    Volume (Year): (2013)
    Issue (Month): (December)
    Pages:

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    Handle: RePEc:ecr:col070:35933
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