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Penalizaciones salariales por maternidad y segmentación del mercado laboral: el caso de la Argentina

Author

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  • Casal, María del Pilar
  • Barham, Bradford L.

Abstract

En este artículo se explora la relación entre la segregación del mercado laboral y las penalizaciones salariales por maternidad en la Argentina en los sectores formal e informal. Se emplean estrategias de estimación de mínimos cuadrados ordinarios (mc o) y regresión por cuantiles, así como la descomposición de Blinder-Oaxaca y la de Ñopo para identificar las fuentes de las diferencias salariales. Se concluye que hay evidencia sólida de segmentación del mercado laboral y que las penalizaciones salariales por maternidad difieren sustancialmente de un sector a otro y entre distintos cuantiles de salarios. En particular, las madres trabajadoras del sector formal no sufren penalizaciones, pero sí las del sector informal. La penalización salarial aumenta con el número de hijos, especialmente por los de menor edad, y es mayor en la base de la distribución salarial condicional, seguida por el extremo superior.

Suggested Citation

  • Casal, María del Pilar & Barham, Bradford L., 2013. "Penalizaciones salariales por maternidad y segmentación del mercado laboral: el caso de la Argentina," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecr:col070:35933
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    File URL: http://repositorio.cepal.org/handle/11362/35933
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. J. Finger, 1975. "A new view of the product cycle theory," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 111(1), pages 79-99, March.
    2. Raymond Vernon, 1970. "Introduction to "The Technology Factor in International Trade"," NBER Chapters,in: The Technology Factor in International Trade, pages 1-5 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Raymond Vernon, 1970. "The Technology Factor in International Trade," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number vern70-1, January.
    4. M. V. Posner, 1961. "International Trade And Technical Change," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(3), pages 323-341.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    MUJERES; MATERNIDAD; EMPLEO DE LA MUJER; MERCADO DE TRABAJO; SALARIOS; DISCRIMINACION BASADA EN EL GENERO; EMPRESAS COMERCIALES; SECTOR INFORMAL; MODELOS ECONOMETRICOS; WOMEN; MOTHERHOOD; WOMEN'S EMPLOYMENT; LABOUR MARKET; WAGES; GENDER DISCRIMINATION; BUSINESS ENTERPRISES; INFORMAL SECTOR; ECONOMETRIC MODELS;

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements

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