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Brasil: cambio estructural y crecimiento con restricción de balanza de pagos

Author

Listed:
  • Jayme Jr., Frederico G.
  • Romero, João Prates
  • Silveira, Fabrício

Abstract

Se sostiene que las diferencias en las tasas de crecimiento del producto se vinculan a las diferencias en las elasticidades-renta que, a su vez, son determinadas por el grado de intensidad tecnológica de la producción nacional. Para corroborar esta hipótesis se efectuaron pruebas estadísticas. Se estimaron las elasticidades hipotéticas a fin de demostrar su validez en el caso brasileño: i) básica, ii) ampliada con flujos de capitales, y iii) implícita. Se emplearon técnicas de cointegración y un vector de corrección de errores en las estimaciones de las elasticidades reales para cada categoría tecnológica de producto de la pauta comercial brasileña. Los resultados se corroboraron mediante la investigación de funciones de impulso-respuesta y la descomposición de los errores finales de predicción, confirmándose que los bienes de mayor intensidad tecnológica presentan una elasticidadrenta más elevada. Así, según la ley de Thirlwall, una mayor producción nacional de esos bienes impulsaría el crecimiento.

Suggested Citation

  • Jayme Jr., Frederico G. & Romero, João Prates & Silveira, Fabrício, 2011. "Brasil: cambio estructural y crecimiento con restricción de balanza de pagos," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecr:col070:11522
    Note: Incluye Bibliografía
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    File URL: http://repositorio.cepal.org/handle/11362/11522
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Luciano Ferreira Gabriel & Fabrício Missio, 2016. "Sistema Nacional De Inovação Em Um Modelo Com Restrição Externa," Anais do XLII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 42nd Brazilian Economics Meeting] 083, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    2. André Nassif & Carmem Feijó & Eliane Araújo, 2015. "Structural change and economic development: is Brazil catching up or falling behind?," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 39(5), pages 1307-1332.

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