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[The Economic Roots of Political Underdevelopment in the Middle East: A Historical Perspective] Ortadoðu’daki Politik Az Geliþmiþliðin Ekonomik Kökenleri: Tarihsel Bir Bakýþ Açýsý

Author

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  • Timur KURAN

    () (Duke University, USA)

Abstract

Çaðdaþ dönem öncesi Ortadoðu ekonomisinin Ýslam hukukuna dayanan kilit kurumlarý, demokratik kurumlarýn geliþimini engelledi. Bu konuþma, kritik rol oynayan üç mekanizmayý tanýmlamaktadýr. Kur’an’da belirtilen vergi sistemi yönetim üzerinde kalýcý ve güvenilir kýsýtlamalar geliþtirmeyi baþaramadý. Çeþitli kesimlere sosyal hizmetler saðlamak için kurulan Ýslami vakýflarýn politik gücü yoktu. Kâr getiren özel iþletmeler küçük ölçekli ve kýsa ömürlüydüler; bu özellikler devletle pazarlýk edebilecek istikrarlý koalisyonlar kurmalarýný önledi. Son iki mekanizma, demokratik yönetim için gerekli olan güçler ayrýlýðýný saðlayacak sivil toplumun geliþimini geciktirdi.

Suggested Citation

  • Timur KURAN, 2014. "[The Economic Roots of Political Underdevelopment in the Middle East: A Historical Perspective] Ortadoðu’daki Politik Az Geliþmiþliðin Ekonomik Kökenleri: Tarihsel Bir Bakýþ Açýsý," Journal of Economics and Political Economy, , vol. 1(1), pages 68-76, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecp:journl:v:1:y:2014:i:1:p:68-79
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ortadoðu; zekât; vakýf; ortaklýk; Ýslam hukuku; güçler ayrýlýðý; demokrasi;

    JEL classification:

    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East
    • N95 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History - - - Asia including Middle East
    • H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government
    • P48 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Political Economy; Legal Institutions; Property Rights; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Regional Studies

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