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Contraception as Development? New Evidence from Family Planning in Colombia

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  • Grant Miller

Abstract

There has been considerable debate in the last decade about whether or not family planning programmes in developing countries reduce fertility or improve socio-economic outcomes. This article provides new evidence by studying the expansion of one of the world's oldest and largest family planning organisations - Profamilia of Colombia. It finds that family planning explains less than 10% of Colombia's fertility decline during its demographic transition. As in wealthy countries, however, lowering the costs of first birth postponement produced important socio-economic gains, enabling young women to obtain more education and to work more and live independently later in life. Copyright © The Author(s). Journal compilation © Royal Economic Society 2009.

Suggested Citation

  • Grant Miller, 2010. "Contraception as Development? New Evidence from Family Planning in Colombia," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 120(545), pages 709-736, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecj:econjl:v:120:y:2010:i:545:p:709-736
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