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Why Do People Save? A Micro-Analysis of Motives for Household Saving in Japan

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  • Horioka, Charles Yuji
  • Watanabe, Wako

Abstract

This paper estimates the contribution of net saving for each of twelve motives to overall household saving in Japan using micro data from a Japanese government survey and finds that net saving for the retirement and precautionary motives, both of which are consistent with the life-cycle model, are of dominant importance. It also finds that the saving motives of Japanese households vary greatly by age and that they save at each life stage for motives that are appropriate for that life stage. These findings suggest that the life-cycle model is highly applicable in the case of Japan. Copyright 1997 by Royal Economic Society.

Suggested Citation

  • Horioka, Charles Yuji & Watanabe, Wako, 1997. "Why Do People Save? A Micro-Analysis of Motives for Household Saving in Japan," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 107(442), pages 537-552, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecj:econjl:v:107:y:1997:i:442:p:537-52
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    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • D91 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth

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