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Estimating income mobility using census data: a probabilistic approach


  • Erik A. Figueiredo

    () (UFPB)

  • Flávio Ziegelmann

    () (UFRGS)


This paper aims to measure the degree of income mobility in Brazil in the period from 1987 to 2005. To achieve that, it was considered the axiomatic mobility approach and the dynamic tool suggested by Aebi, Neusser and Steiner (1999). The transition probability matrix calculations and its mobility index indicate that Brazil presents low intergenerational income mobility, suggesting that Brazilian social structure is relatively rigid.

Suggested Citation

  • Erik A. Figueiredo & Flávio Ziegelmann, 2009. "Estimating income mobility using census data: a probabilistic approach," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 29(1), pages 1-8.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-09-00128

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Paolo Angelini & Andrea Generale, 2008. "On the Evolution of Firm Size Distributions," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(1), pages 426-438, March.
    2. McDonald, James B, 1984. "Some Generalized Functions for the Size Distribution of Income," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 647-663, May.
    3. L. Crosato & P. Ganugi, 2007. "Statistical regularity of firm size distribution: the Pareto IV and truncated Yule for Italian SCI manufacturing," Statistical Methods & Applications, Springer;Società Italiana di Statistica, vol. 16(1), pages 85-115, June.
    4. Clementi, F. & Di Matteo, T. & Gallegati, M. & Kaniadakis, G., 2008. "The κ-generalized distribution: A new descriptive model for the size distribution of incomes," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 387(13), pages 3201-3208.
    5. Luís M B Cabral & José Mata, 2003. "On the Evolution of the Firm Size Distribution: Facts and Theory," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(4), pages 1075-1090, September.
    6. Singh, S K & Maddala, G S, 1976. "A Function for Size Distribution of Incomes," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(5), pages 963-970, September.
    7. Giulio Bottazzi & Elena Cefis & Giovanni Dosi, 2002. "Corporate growth and industrial structures: some evidence from the Italian manufacturing industry," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(4), pages 705-723, August.
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    More about this item


    Income mobility Transition probability matrix Mobility indices.;

    JEL classification:

    • D3 - Microeconomics - - Distribution
    • C1 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General


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