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Integración Regional Y Convergencia: Algunas Evidencias Para Las Regiones Mexicanas, 1994-2004

Listed author(s):
  • Carton, C


  • Slim, S.


Este trabajo pretende proporcionar evidencias sobre los beneficios de la integración regional en cuanto al proceso de convergencia del ingreso per cápita de las regiones mexicanas, para un período 1994-2004. Propone analizar las hipótesis de sigma y beta-convergencia. En particular, se estima un modelo ampliado de beta-convergencia condicional con técnicas de datos en panel. Se resaltan, así, como variables de control-claves, el capital humano y el efecto-fronteras. El contraste arroja resultados que tienden a subrayar la existencia de una brecha nacional, confirmando la importancia de los espacios de pertenencia. Así, desde el punto de vista de las entidades mexicanas de la región Norte, México tendría que asociarse con países más desarrollados, como en el caso del Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte, mientras debería cooperar con países de similar desarrollo desde la perspectiva de las entidades de la región Sur, como en el caso de la Asociación Latinoamericana de Integración. This paper aims to outline evidence on how regional integration can be beneficial for income convergence of Mexican regions over the period 1994 to 2004. Thus, two main concepts of convergence are studying: the sigma- and beta-convergence. More precisely, we are estimating an augmented-model of conditional beta-convergence within the panel data approach that considers, in essence, border-effect and human capital, as key factors. The findings tend to emphasize a national gap between Mexican regions which indicates that spatial belonging matters. Thus, based on north regional outcomes, Mexico would be advantaged in joining preferential agreements within upper developed countries, for instance the North American Free Trade Agreement, although, from south regional point of view, it should be better-advised to enter into a formal agreement with even-developed nations, such like the Latin American Integration Association.

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Article provided by Euro-American Association of Economic Development in its journal Estudios Economicos de Desarrollo Internacional.

Volume (Year): 8 (2008)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 37-60

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Handle: RePEc:eaa:eedein:v:8:y2008:i:8_2
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