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Desarrollo economico de Europa Central en 1950-2002: Modelos econometricos y comparacion con Irlanda, España y Austria

  • Guisan, M. C.
  • Aguayo, E.

Analizamos el desarrollo económico de cinco países de Europa Central: Polonia, Hungría, República Checa, Eslovenia y Eslovaquia, durante el período 1950-2002. teniendo en cuenta las diferentes etapas de su evolución, en comparación con tres países de Europa Occidental que tenían al comienzo del período analizado niveles similares de renta por habitante, pero que alcanzaron durante las últimas décadas del siglo veinte un mayor desarrollo. Analizamos cuales han sido los factores más relevantes en explicar estas diferencias teniendo en cuenta los efectos positivos del capital humano, el comercio exterior, el turismo y la industria sobre el desarrollo. La apertura comercial de los países de Europa Central a partir de 1991 se valora como altamente beneficiosa para impulsar su desarrollo industrial, efecto que reforzará las ventajas relativas de estos países derivadas de su elevado nivel educativo para impulsar su desarrollo en la primera década del siglo veinte.

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Article provided by Euro-American Association of Economic Development in its journal Estudios Economicos de Desarrollo Internacional.

Volume (Year): 4 (2004)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 49-72

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Handle: RePEc:eaa:eedein:v:4:y2004:i:4_7
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