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La incidencia de las transferencias del gobierno en la distribucion de la renta en Estados Unidos: 1981-2000

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  • Palazuelos, E.

Abstract

El trabajo trata de evaluar la influencia redistributiva que han ejercido las transferencias públicas realizadas bajo las cinco administraciones que han gobernado en EE.UU. en el periodo 1980-2000. Tras repasar la literatura reciente sobre el tema, se definen dos conceptos de Renta Doméstica que permiten distinguir entre los Ingresos Propios y las transferencias aportadas por el gobierno. A continuación, se examina el aumento de la desigualdad en la distribución de ambos tipos de renta y su relación con el crecimiento económico durante el período. Después se analiza la composición y el reparto de las transferencias para valorar su incidencia en la Renta Doméstica. La conclusión principal del análisis es que las transferencias mantienen una función redistributiva, pero ésta ha disminuido y, además, debido a los cambios en su reparto, esas transferencias han contribuido al aumento de la desigualdad en la distribución de los Ingresos Totales de los Hogares. This work intends to evaluate the redistributive influence created by public transfers carried out under the five administrations that have governed the US in the period 1980-2000. After a literature review about this topic, two concepts of Household’s Income are defined, allowing to distinguish between Own Income and transfers from the government. Then, I examine the growth of inequality in both types of income’s distribution and its relation with economic growth during the period of study. Afterwards, I analyse the composition and the division of transfers in order to evaluate their impact on Household’s Income. The main conclusion of the analysis is that transfers maintain a redistributive function, but this task has decreased and, moreover, due to changes in its distribution, those transfers have contributed to the growth of inequality in the distribution of total amount household´s incomes.

Suggested Citation

  • Palazuelos, E., 2004. "La incidencia de las transferencias del gobierno en la distribucion de la renta en Estados Unidos: 1981-2000," Estudios Economicos de Desarrollo Internacional, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 4(1).
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:eedein:v:4:y2004:i:4_1
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    distribución de la renta; desigualdad; transferencias públicas; renta de los hogares; política social;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • H5 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being

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