IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Liberalization and India’s Business Cycle Synchronization with the US


  • Paksha, Biru

    () (State University of New York at Cortland, USA)


In the wake of India’s liberalization since the early 1990s, the country’s monetary and trade integration with the leading economy, the US, has increased more than ever before. While literature on whether financial integration leads to greater business cycle synchronization is ambiguous, this study finds that India’s business cycle has increasingly been synchronized with the US counterpart as liberalization has intensified over time. Since US output fluctuations are arguably exogenous to India, this synchronization, as estimated in impulse responses, variance decompositions, correlations, and GARCH models, can be viewed as business cycle transmission from the US to India. The pattern of movements in monetary, trade, and output variables based on gradually improving openness suggests that India’s augmenting business cycle synchronization with the US is mainly attributable to the channels of trade and monetary policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Paksha, Biru, 2009. "Liberalization and India’s Business Cycle Synchronization with the US," Indian Economic Review, Department of Economics, Delhi School of Economics, vol. 44(2), pages 275-298.
  • Handle: RePEc:dse:indecr:0008

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

    More about this item


    Liberalization; Business Cycle Synchronization; Indian Economy; Monetary 6and Trade Channels; Impulse Response and Variance Decomposition;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:dse:indecr:0008. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Pami Dua). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.