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L’influence de l’identité sur la compétence collective lors de prises de décisions stratégiques:le cas de SCOP

Author

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  • Frédérique Chedotel

    () (IAE de Tours)

  • Laurent Pujol

    (Université du Maine)

Abstract

(VF)La formulation de la stratégie d’une entreprise s’appuie sur la compétence d’un collectif, formé de l’ensemble des acteurs qui prennent part à la décision. Cependant, prendre des décisions à plusieurs ne va pas de soi : il ne suffit pas de réunir différents individus pour qu’ils deviennent collectivement compétents. L’objectif de cet article est de montrer que le contexte identitaire joue un rôle décisif pour favoriser la mobilisation effective de la compétence des collectifs décisionnels. A partir d’une enquête qualitative auprès de 57 dirigeants, experts et membres de conseil d’administration de coopératives, est mise en évidence une typologie d’identités, qui influence la compétence collective lors des processus de prise de décision stratégique. Différents moyens, sont, en outre, proposés pour renforcer la capacité à mobiliser une compétence collective lors de prises de décisions stratégiques, et de mettre en évidence un lien entre compétence collective et performance d’entreprise.(VA)The formulation of a firm’s strategy leans on a competence of a collective, formed by all actors who take part in the decision. But nevertheless the potential of such an approach, it is not obvious to make decisions together : it is not enough to gather various individuals so that they become collectively competent. The aim of this article is to show that organizational identity plays a critical role, in order to facilitate the effective mobilization of a decision-making collective skill. We conducted a qualitative survey with 57 top managers, experts and members of board of cooperatives. This survey permitted to put in evidence a typology of organizational identity and to show that it influences the degree of collective competence during decision processes. The results allow us also to propose some means, to strengthen the capacity to mobilize a collective competence during strategic decision-making. And they bring to light a link between collective competence and firm’s performance.

Suggested Citation

  • Frédérique Chedotel & Laurent Pujol, 2012. "L’influence de l’identité sur la compétence collective lors de prises de décisions stratégiques:le cas de SCOP," Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie, revues.org, vol. 15(1), pages 87-107, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:dij:revfcs:v:15:y:2012:i:1:p:87-107.
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    Keywords

    collectifs décisionels; compétence collective; économie sociale et solidaire; identité sociale; collective skill; decision making groups; social economy; social identity;

    JEL classification:

    • M - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics

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