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La ciudad palatina de la Alhambra y las obras realizadas en el siglo XVI a la luz de sus libros de cuentas. (The palace city of the Alhambra and the building works made in the 16th century in the light of the accounting books)

  • Casares López, Matilde
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    El presente artículo, parte de mi tesis doctoral, aporta un singular estudio de la Alhambra elaborado desde la información obtenida de los libros de cuentas de las obras reales de este Real Sitio. Con el presente trabajo comprobaremos que este tipo de fuentes contienen valiosos datos para la Historia en general pero ante todo para la Historia Económica. En el caso concreto que abordamos, nos han servido para conocer cómo, cuando y donde se realizaron reparos, remodelaciones y nuevas construcciones en la Alhambra del siglo XVI, tema de vital importancia para la Historia del Arte de este monumento. Las obras reales de la Alhambra fueron iniciadas en la etapa de los Reyes Católicos, al día siguiente de la entrada en el recinto, cuando comprobaron el deterioro de esta bella ciudadela y fortaleza. Con el mismo ahínco y respeto fueron seguidas por su nieto Carlos V, quien sumó, al antiguo conjunto palaciego, la construcción del palacio imperial y su entorno urbanístico renacentistas. Finalmente, las obras fueron continuadas por Felipe II y sus sucesores los Austrias. Gracias al esfuerzo económico realizado por ellos, sobre todo durante el siglo XVI, hoy podemos contemplar la Alhambra. Ratifican lo dicho los Cargos y Datas de los libros de cuentas de Ceprián y Gaspar, fedatarios del volumen de las inversiones y de los considerables gastos realizados por la Real Hacienda castellana en las obras de la Alhambra. The present paper is a part my doctoral dissertation and displays a singular study of the Alhambra conducted thanks to the information got from the accounting books of the works made on account of the Crown in this Royal Place. This paper will show that this kind of source contains valuable information for the history in general, but above all for Economic history. In our case it has provided us information on how, when and where were made running repairs, remodelling and new constructions in the Alhambra in the 16th century. This a very relevant subject for the Art history of this monument.The works in the Alhambra began at the reign of the Catholic Kings, Isabella and Ferdinand, just the following day they entered into its grounds, when they realized the deterioration of this beautiful citadel and fortress. Their grandson Charles V continued the works with the same respect and determination. He added to the old residential complex a new imperial palace and its Renaissance urban environment. The works were finally continued by Philip II and his descendants of the Habsburg house. Thanks to economic effort made by them, above all during the 16th century, we can contemplate the Alhambra today. All of this is confirmed by the Charge and Discharge books of Ceprian and Gaspar, witnesses of the considerable volume of investment and expenses made by the Royal Treasury on occasion of Alhambra works.

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    Article provided by Asociación Española de Contabilidad y Administración de Empresas (AECA). Spanish Accounting and Business Administration Association. in its journal De Computis.

    Volume (Year): (2009)
    Issue (Month): 10 (June)
    Pages: 3-130

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    Handle: RePEc:dec:articl:2004-09:3-130
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