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Risk-Return Tradeoff in U.S. Stock Returns over the Business Cycle

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  • Nyberg, Henri

Abstract

In the empirical finance literature, findings on the risk-return tradeoff in excess stock market returns are ambiguous. In this study, I develop a new qualitative response (QR)-generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity-in-mean (GARCH-M) model combining a probit model for a binary business cycle indicator and a regime-switching GARCH-M model for excess stock market return with the business cycle indicator defining the regime. Estimation results show that there is statistically significant variation in the U.S. excess stock returns over the business cycle. However, consistent with the conditional intertemporal capital asset pricing model (ICAPM), there is a positive risk-return relationship between volatility and expected return independent of the state of the economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Nyberg, Henri, 2012. "Risk-Return Tradeoff in U.S. Stock Returns over the Business Cycle," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 47(01), pages 137-158, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:jfinqa:v:47:y:2012:i:01:p:137-158_00
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    Cited by:

    1. Yang, Chunpeng & Jia, Yun, 2016. "Buy-sell imbalance and the mean-variance relation," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 40(PA), pages 49-58.
    2. repec:bof:bofitp:urn:nbn:fi:bof-201511231444 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Piao, Xiaorui & Mei, Bin & Xue, Yuan, 2016. "Comparing the financial performance of timber REITs and other REITs," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 115-121.
    4. repec:eee:jbfina:v:82:y:2017:i:c:p:1-19 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Wu, Shue-Jen & Lee, Wei-Ming, 2015. "Intertemporal risk–return relationships in bull and bear markets," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 308-325.
    6. Ghysels, Eric & Guérin, Pierre & Marcellino, Massimiliano, 2014. "Regime switches in the risk–return trade-off," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 118-138.
    7. Naqi Shah, Sadia & Qayyum, Abdul, 2016. "Analyse Risk-Return Paradox: Evidence from Electricity Sector of Pakistan," MPRA Paper 68783, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Aslanidis, Nektarios & Christiansen, Charlotte & Savva, Christos S., 2016. "Risk-return trade-off for European stock markets," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 84-103.
    9. Kinnunen, Jyri, 2014. "Risk-return trade-off and serial correlation: Do volume and volatility matter?," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 20(C), pages 1-19.
    10. repec:rjr:romjef:v::y:2017:i:3:p:37-53 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Hedegaard, Esben & Hodrick, Robert J., 2016. "Estimating the risk-return trade-off with overlapping data inference," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 135-145.
    12. Nektarios Aslanidis & Charlotte Christiansen & Neophytos Lambertides & Christos S. Savva, 2014. "Idiosyncratic Volatility Puzzle: Influence of Macro-Finance Factors," CREATES Research Papers 2014-45, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    13. Huang, Lin & Wang, Zijun, 2014. "Is the investment factor a proxy for time-varying investment opportunities? The US and international evidence," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 219-232.
    14. Kinnunen, Jyri & Martikainen, Minna, 2015. "Expected returns and idiosyncratic risk: Industry-level evidence from Russia," BOFIT Discussion Papers 30/2015, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    15. repec:eee:ecmode:v:64:y:2017:i:c:p:97-104 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. repec:wly:jforec:v:37:y:2018:i:1:p:1-15 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Kinnunen, Jyri, 2017. "Dynamic cross-autocorrelation in stock returns," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 162-173.
    18. Esben Hedegaard & Robert J. Hodrick, 2014. "Measuring the Risk-Return Tradeoff with Time-Varying Conditional Covariances," NBER Working Papers 20245, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    19. Kinnunen, Jyri, 2013. "Dynamic return predictability in the Russian stock market," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(C), pages 107-121.
    20. Papadamou, Stephanos & Sidiropoulos, Moïse & Spyromitros, Eleftherios, 2014. "Does central bank transparency affect stock market volatility?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 362-377.

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