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Hedge Funds for Retail Investors? An Examination of Hedged Mutual Funds

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  • Agarwal, Vikas
  • Boyson, Nicole M.
  • Naik, Narayan Y.

Abstract

Recently, there has been rapid growth in the assets managed by “hedged mutual funds”—mutual funds mimicking hedge fund strategies. We examine the performance of these funds relative to hedge funds and traditional mutual funds. Despite using similar trading strategies, hedged mutual funds underperform hedge funds. We attribute this finding to hedge funds’ lighter regulation and better incentives. Conversely, hedged mutual funds outperform traditional mutual funds. Notably, this superior performance is driven by managers with experience implementing hedge fund strategies. Our findings have implications for investors seeking hedge-fund-like payoffs at a lower cost and within the comfort of a regulated environment.

Suggested Citation

  • Agarwal, Vikas & Boyson, Nicole M. & Naik, Narayan Y., 2009. "Hedge Funds for Retail Investors? An Examination of Hedged Mutual Funds," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 44(02), pages 273-305, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:jfinqa:v:44:y:2009:i:02:p:273-305_09
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    Cited by:

    1. Darolles, Serge & Gourieroux, Christian, 2010. "Conditionally fitted Sharpe performance with an application to hedge fund rating," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 578-593, March.
    2. Michael Busack & Wolfgang Drobetz & Jan Tille, 2017. "Can investors benefit from the performance of alternative UCITS funds?," Financial Markets and Portfolio Management, Springer;Swiss Society for Financial Market Research, vol. 31(1), pages 69-111, February.
    3. Benoît Dewaele & Iliya Markov & Hugues Pirotte & N. Tuchschmid, 2011. "Does manager offshore experience count in the alternative UCITS universe?," Working Papers CEB 11-060, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    4. repec:spr:decisn:v:44:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s40622-017-0157-5 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:wsi:qjfxxx:v:07:y:2017:i:03:n:s2010139217500094 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Amparo Soler Domínguez & Juan Carlos Matallín Sáez & Emili Tortosa-Ausina, 2013. "Does active management add value? New evidence from a quantile regression approach," Working Papers. Serie EC 2013-02, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
    7. Richard Chung & Scott Fung & Jayendu Patel, 2015. "Alpha–beta–churn of equity picks by institutional investors and the robust superiority of hedge funds," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 45(2), pages 363-405, August.
    8. Agarwal, Vikas & Gómez, Juan-Pedro & Priestley, Richard, 2012. "Management compensation and market timing under portfolio constraints," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 1600-1625.
    9. Vikas Agarwal & Wei Jiang & Yuehua Tang & Baozhong Yang, 2013. "Uncovering Hedge Fund Skill from the Portfolio Holdings They Hide," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 68(2), pages 739-783, April.
    10. repec:gam:jecnmx:v:4:y:2016:i:1:p:13:d:65308 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Agarwal, Vikas & Fos, Vyacheslav & Jiang, Wei, 2012. "Inferring reporting biases in hedge fund databases from hedge fund equity holdings," CFR Working Papers 10-08 [rev.], University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    12. Jiao, Yawen & Ye, Pengfei, 2014. "Mutual fund herding in response to hedge fund herding and the impacts on stock prices," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 131-148.
    13. Urbi Garay & Enrique ter Horst & German Molina & Abel Rodriguez, 2016. "Bayesian Nonparametric Measurement of Factor Betas and Clustering with Application to Hedge Fund Returns," Econometrics, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(1), pages 1-23, March.
    14. Badrinath, S.G. & Gubellini, S., 2011. "On the characteristics and performance of long-short, market-neutral and bear mutual funds," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(7), pages 1762-1776, July.
    15. Agarwal, Vikas & Lu, Yan & Ray, Sugata, 2014. "Under one roof: A study of simultaneously managed hedge funds and funds of hedge funds," CFR Working Papers 14-13, University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    16. Huang, Jing-Zhi & Wang, Ying, 2013. "Should investors invest in hedge fund-like mutual funds? Evidence from the 2007 financial crisis," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 482-512.
    17. J. Carlos Matallín-Sáez & Amparo Soler-Domínguez & Emili Tortosa-Ausina, 2013. "Does active management add value? New evidence from a quantile regression," Working Papers 2013/01, Economics Department, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón (Spain).

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