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Hedge Funds for Retail Investors? An Examination of Hedged Mutual Funds


  • Agarwal, Vikas
  • Boyson, Nicole M.
  • Naik, Narayan Y.


Recently, there has been rapid growth in the assets managed by “hedged mutual funds†—mutual funds mimicking hedge fund strategies. We examine the performance of these funds relative to hedge funds and traditional mutual funds. Despite using similar trading strategies, hedged mutual funds underperform hedge funds. We attribute this finding to hedge funds’ lighter regulation and better incentives. Conversely, hedged mutual funds outperform traditional mutual funds. Notably, this superior performance is driven by managers with experience implementing hedge fund strategies. Our findings have implications for investors seeking hedge-fund-like payoffs at a lower cost and within the comfort of a regulated environment.

Suggested Citation

  • Agarwal, Vikas & Boyson, Nicole M. & Naik, Narayan Y., 2009. "Hedge Funds for Retail Investors? An Examination of Hedged Mutual Funds," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 44(2), pages 273-305, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:jfinqa:v:44:y:2009:i:02:p:273-305_09

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    Cited by:

    1. Leonard Kostovetsky, 2017. "Brain Drain: Are Mutual Funds Losing Their Best Minds?," Quarterly Journal of Finance (QJF), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 7(03), pages 1-38, September.
    2. Badrinath, S.G. & Gubellini, S., 2011. "On the characteristics and performance of long-short, market-neutral and bear mutual funds," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(7), pages 1762-1776, July.
    3. Agarwal, Vikas & Lu, Yan & Ray, Sugata, 2014. "Under one roof: A study of simultaneously managed hedge funds and funds of hedge funds," CFR Working Papers 14-13, University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    4. Sanjay Kanti Das, 2012. "Factors Influencing the Mutual Fund Scheme Selection by Retail Investor’s in Assam: An Empirical Analysis," Indian Journal of Commerce and Management Studies, Educational Research Multimedia & Publications,India, vol. 3(3), pages 17-23, September.
    5. Darolles, Serge & Gourieroux, Christian, 2010. "Conditionally fitted Sharpe performance with an application to hedge fund rating," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 578-593, March.
    6. Mercedes Alda, 0. "Managers beyond borders: side-by-side management in mutual funds and pension funds," Review of Managerial Science, Springer, vol. 0, pages 1-38.
    7. Richard Evans & Miguel A. Ferreira & Melissa Porras Prado, 2017. "Fund Performance and Equity Lending: Why Lend What You Can Sell?," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 21(3), pages 1093-1121.
    8. repec:gam:jecnmx:v:4:y:2016:i:1:p:13:d:65308 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Agarwal, Vikas & Fos, Vyacheslav & Jiang, Wei, 2012. "Inferring reporting biases in hedge fund databases from hedge fund equity holdings," CFR Working Papers 10-08 [rev.], University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    10. Vikas Agarwal & Wei Jiang & Yuehua Tang & Baozhong Yang, 2013. "Uncovering Hedge Fund Skill from the Portfolio Holdings They Hide," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 68(2), pages 739-783, April.
    11. Huang, Jing-Zhi & Wang, Ying, 2013. "Should investors invest in hedge fund-like mutual funds? Evidence from the 2007 financial crisis," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 482-512.
    12. Juan Carlos Matallín-Sáez & Amparo Soler-Domínguez & Emili Tortosa-Ausina, 2019. "Does active management add value? New evidence from a quantile regression approach," Journal of the Operational Research Society, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 70(10), pages 1734-1751, October.
    13. Tang, Tingfeng, 2020. "Hedge fund activism and corporate innovation," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 335-348.
    14. Michael Busack & Wolfgang Drobetz & Jan Tille, 2017. "Can investors benefit from the performance of alternative UCITS funds?," Financial Markets and Portfolio Management, Springer;Swiss Society for Financial Market Research, vol. 31(1), pages 69-111, February.
    15. Hong, Xin & Zhuang, Zhuang & Kang, Di & Wang, Zhibin, 2019. "Do corporate site visits impact hedge fund performance?," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 113-128.
    16. Richard Chung & Scott Fung & Jayendu Patel, 2015. "Alpha–beta–churn of equity picks by institutional investors and the robust superiority of hedge funds," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 45(2), pages 363-405, August.
    17. J. Carlos Matallín-Sáez & Amparo Soler-Domínguez & Emili Tortosa-Ausina, 2013. "Does active management add value? New evidence from a quantile regression," Working Papers 2013/01, Economics Department, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón (Spain).
    18. Benoît Dewaele & Iliya Markov & Hugues Pirotte & N. Tuchschmid, 2011. "Does manager offshore experience count in the alternative UCITS universe?," Working Papers CEB 11-060, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    19. Lu, Qinye & Vivian, Andrew, 2020. "Domestically formed international diversification," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 103(C).
    20. Vikas Agarwal & Yan Lu & Sugata Ray, 2016. "Under One Roof: A Study of Simultaneously Managed Hedge Funds and Funds of Hedge Funds," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 62(3), pages 722-740, March.
    21. Agarwal, Vikas & Gómez, Juan-Pedro & Priestley, Richard, 2012. "Management compensation and market timing under portfolio constraints," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 1600-1625.
    22. Jiao, Yawen & Ye, Pengfei, 2014. "Mutual fund herding in response to hedge fund herding and the impacts on stock prices," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 131-148.
    23. T. G. Saji & Ratheesh K. Nair, 2017. "Investor-centric strategies for Indian mutual fund industry: inferring from the behavior of individual investors," DECISION: Official Journal of the Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, Springer;Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, vol. 44(3), pages 209-225, September.
    24. Urbi Garay & Enrique Ter Horst & German Molina & Abel Rodriguez, 2016. "Bayesian Nonparametric Measurement of Factor Betas and Clustering with Application to Hedge Fund Returns," Econometrics, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(1), pages 1-1, March.

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