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International Diversification with Large- and Small-Cap Stocks

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  • Eun, Cheol S.
  • Huang, Wei
  • Lai, Sandy

Abstract

To the extent that investors diversify internationally, large-cap stocks receive the dominant share of fund allocation. Increasingly, however, returns to large-cap stocks or stock market indices tend to comove, mitigating the benefits from international diversification. In contrast, stocks of locally oriented, small companies do not exhibit the same tendency. In this paper, we assess the potential of small-cap stocks as a vehicle for international portfolio diversification during the period 1980–1999. We show that the extra gains from the augmented diversification with small-cap funds are statistically significant for both in-sample and out-of-sample periods and remain robust to the consideration of market frictions.

Suggested Citation

  • Eun, Cheol S. & Huang, Wei & Lai, Sandy, 2008. "International Diversification with Large- and Small-Cap Stocks," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 43(02), pages 489-524, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:jfinqa:v:43:y:2008:i:02:p:489-524_00
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    2. Chen, Hsuan-Chi & Ho, Keng-Yu, 2009. "Do IPO index portfolios improve the investment opportunities for mean-variance investors?," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 6(3), pages 159-170, September.
    3. Galvani, Valentina & Plourde, André, 2010. "Portfolio diversification in energy markets," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 257-268, March.
    4. Atanasov, Victoria & Nitschka, Thomas, 2017. "Firm size, economic risks, and the cross-section of international stock returns," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 110-126.
    5. Tatiana Didier & Roberto Rigobon & Sergio L. Schmukler, 2013. "Unexploited Gains From International Diversification: Patterns Of Portfolio Holdings Around The World," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 95(5), pages 1562-1583, December.
    6. John Cotter & Stuart Gabriel & Richard Roll, 2016. "Nowhere to run, nowhere to hide: asset diversification in a flat world," Working Papers 201612, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
    7. Mishra, Anil V., 2013. "Foreign ownership in Australian firms," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, pages 1-18.
    8. Earl D. Benson & Sophie X. Kong, 2015. "The Co-Movement of U.S. Equity Returns with the Developed and Emerging Markets of Australasia and Asia," International Journal of Business and Social Research, MIR Center for Socio-Economic Research, vol. 5(1), pages 102-117, January.
    9. Galvani, Valentina & Gubellini, Stefano, 2013. "Mean–variance dominant trading strategies," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 10(3), pages 142-150.
    10. Bai, Ye & Green, Christopher J. & Leger, Lawrence, 2012. "Industry and country factors in emerging market returns: Did the Asian crisis make a difference?," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 559-580.
    11. Chen, Hsuan-Chi & Chung, San-Lin & Ho, Keng-Yu, 2011. "The diversification effects of volatility-related assets," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 1179-1189, May.
    12. Galvani, Valentina & Plourde, André, 2013. "Spanning with futures contracts," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 53(1), pages 61-72.
    13. Jacobs, Heiko & Müller, Sebastian & Weber, Martin, 2014. "How should individual investors diversify? An empirical evaluation of alternative asset allocation policies," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 19(C), pages 62-85.
    14. Cheol S. Eun & Sandy Lai & Frans A. de Roon & Zhe Zhang, 2010. "International Diversification with Factor Funds," Management Science, INFORMS, pages 1500-1518.
    15. Ephraim Clark & Konstantinos Kassimatis, 2013. "International equity flows, marginal conditional stochastic dominance and diversification," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 40(2), pages 251-271, February.
    16. repec:kap:fmktpm:v:31:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s11408-017-0286-z is not listed on IDEAS
    17. S. Verbruggen & J. Christiaens & A. Reheul & T. Van Caneghem, 2011. "Audit pricing in a reformed nonprofit market," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 11/764, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    18. Hung, Weifeng & Huang, Sheng-Tang & Lu, Chia-Chi & Liu, Nathan, 2015. "Trading behavior and stock returns in Japan," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 200-212.
    19. Timotheos Angelidis & Nikolaos Tessaromatis, 2014. "Global portfolio management under state dependent multiple risk premia," Proceedings of Economics and Finance Conferences 0400966, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences.
    20. repec:eee:glofin:v:33:y:2017:i:c:p:51-68 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. Valentina Galvani & Stuart Landon, 2013. "Riding the yield curve: a spanning analysis," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 40(1), pages 135-154, January.
    22. Switzer, Lorne N. & Tahaoglu, Cagdas, 2015. "The benefits of international diversification: market development, corporate governance, market cap, and structural change effects," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 76-97.
    23. repec:spt:stecon:v:6:y:2017:i:4:f:6_4_3 is not listed on IDEAS

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