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Correlated Order Flow: Pervasiveness, Sources, and Pricing Effects

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  • Harford, Jarrad
  • Kaul, Aditya

Abstract

We examine the importance of indexing, industry, and broad market forces in driving common effects in order flow, returns, and trading costs. Common effects are strong for order flow and returns in a sample of S&P 500 stocks, but are weak in a sample of non-index stocks and for trading costs in both samples. Industry and broad market effects exist in order flow for both samples, but indexing effects are dominant. Correlated order flow drives common effects in returns and, to a lesser extent, those in trading costs. An event study of the effect of index addition on order flow and return comovement reinforces these conclusions. Our results show that common effects are not pervasive and have implications for diversification strategies and price formation models.

Suggested Citation

  • Harford, Jarrad & Kaul, Aditya, 2005. "Correlated Order Flow: Pervasiveness, Sources, and Pricing Effects," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 40(01), pages 29-55, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:jfinqa:v:40:y:2005:i:01:p:29-55_00
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    1. repec:eee:ecofin:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:38-52 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Corwin, Shane A. & Lipson, Marc L., 2011. "Order characteristics and the sources of commonality in prices and liquidity," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 47-81, February.
    3. Andrade, Sandro C. & Chang, Charles & Seasholes, Mark S., 2008. "Trading imbalances, predictable reversals, and cross-stock price pressure," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(2), pages 406-423, May.
    4. Lowe, Alpha, 2014. "The demand-side explanation for commonality in liquidity: The role of institutional ownership in the Taiwan Stock Exchange," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 59-85.
    5. Chan, Kalok & Hameed, Allaudeen & Kang, Wenjin, 2013. "Stock price synchronicity and liquidity," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 414-438.
    6. Kamara, Avraham & Lou, Xiaoxia & Sadka, Ronnie, 2008. "The divergence of liquidity commonality in the cross-section of stocks," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(3), pages 444-466, September.
    7. Lee, Kuan-Hui, 2005. "The World Price of Liquidity Risk," Working Paper Series 2006-10, Ohio State University, Charles A. Dice Center for Research in Financial Economics.
    8. Eric Girardin & Dijun Tan & Woon K. Wong, 2010. "Information Content of Order Flow and Cross-market Portfolio Rebalancing: Evidence for the Chinese Stock, Treasury and Corporate Bond Markets," Working Papers 022010, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
    9. Claessens, Stijn & Yafeh, Yishay, 2008. "Additions to Market Indices and the Comovement of Stock Returns around the World," CEPR Discussion Papers 7052, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Rui Albuquerque & Eva De Francisco & Luis B. Marques, 2008. "Marketwide Private Information in Stocks: Forecasting Currency Returns," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 63(5), pages 2297-2343, October.
    11. D'Hondt, Catherine & Majois, Christophe & Mazza, Paolo, 2015. "Commonality on Euronext: Do location and account type matter?," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 183-198.
    12. Underwood, Shane, 2009. "The cross-market information content of stock and bond order flow," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 268-289, May.
    13. repec:eee:jimfin:v:74:y:2017:i:c:p:137-146 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Chelley-Steeley, Patricia & Lambertides, Neophytos & Savva, Christos S., 2015. "The effect of security and market order flow shocks on co-movement," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 136-155.
    15. repec:eee:finsta:v:31:y:2017:i:c:p:62-80 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Kaul, Aditya & Mehrotra, Vikas & Stefanescu, Carmen, 2016. "Location and excess comovement," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 293-308.

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