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Cross-Hedging with Currency Options and Futures


  • Chang, Eric C.
  • Wong, Kit Pong


This paper develops an expected utility model of a multinational firm facing exchange rate risk exposure to a foreign currency cash flow. Currency derivative markets do not exist between the domestic and foreign currencies. There are, however, currency futures and options markets between the domestic currency and a third currency to which the firm has access. Since a triangular parity condition holds among these three currencies, the available, yet incomplete, currency futures and options markets still provide a useful avenue for the firm to indirectly hedge against its foreign exchange risk exposure. This paper offers analytical insights into the optimal cross-hedging strategies of the firm. In particular, the results show the optimality of using options in conjunction with futures in the case of currency mismatching, even though cash flows appear to be linear.

Suggested Citation

  • Chang, Eric C. & Wong, Kit Pong, 2003. "Cross-Hedging with Currency Options and Futures," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 38(03), pages 555-574, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:jfinqa:v:38:y:2003:i:03:p:555-574_00

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    Cited by:

    1. Udo Broll & Kit Wong, 2015. "Trade and cross hedging exchange rate risk," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 12(4), pages 509-520, October.
    2. Wong, Kit Pong, 2013. "International trade and hedging under joint price and exchange rate uncertainty," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 160-170.
    3. Udo Broll & Peter Welzel & Kit Pong Wong, 2013. "Price Risk and Risk Management in Agriculture," Contemporary Economics, University of Finance and Management in Warsaw, vol. 7(2), June.
    4. repec:eee:jimfin:v:78:y:2017:i:c:p:1-20 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Marcelo J. Villena & Axel A. Araneda, 2014. "Option Pricing of Twin Assets," Papers 1401.6735,
    6. Broll, Udo & Wahl, Jack E. & Wessel, Christoph, 2009. "Export and benefits of hedging in emerging economies," Dresden Discussion Paper Series in Economics 10/09, Technische Universität Dresden, Faculty of Business and Economics, Department of Economics.
    7. Zhao, Jieyuan & Goodwin, Barry K., 2012. "Dynamic Cross-Hedge Ratios: An Application of Copula Models," 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington 124610, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    8. Kit Pong Wong, 2015. "Export And Hedging Decisions Under Correlated Revenue And Exchange Rate Risk," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 67(4), pages 371-381, October.
    9. Adam-Müller, Axel F.A. & Nolte, Ingmar, 2011. "Cross hedging under multiplicative basis risk," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(11), pages 2956-2964, November.
    10. Korn, Olaf & Rieger, Marc Oliver, 2016. "Hedging with regret," CFR Working Papers 16-06, University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    11. Korn, Olaf & Merz, Alexander, 2016. "How to hedge if the payment date is uncertain?," CFR Working Papers 07-14 [rev.], University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    12. Adams, Zeno & Gerner, Mathias, 2012. "Cross hedging jet-fuel price exposure," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 1301-1309.
    13. Wong, Kit Pong, 2006. "Foreign direct investment and forward hedging," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 459-474, December.
    14. Lien, Donald & Wang, Yan, 2006. "Cross-hedging with futures and options: The effects of disappointment aversion," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 16-26, February.
    15. Moosa Imad, 2011. "Risk Transfer Arrangements as a Hedging Device with Evidence from the Kuwaiti Dinar-British Pound Market," Review of Middle East Economics and Finance, De Gruyter, vol. 7(2), pages 1-18, September.
    16. Penikas, Henry, 2011. "Copula-Based Price Risk Hedging Models," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 22(2), pages 3-21.
    17. Lien, Donald & Wong, Kit Pong, 2004. "Optimal bidding and hedging in international markets," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 23(5), pages 785-798, September.

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