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Information Costs and Liquidity Effects from Changes in the Dow Jones Industrial Average List

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  • Beneish, Messod D.
  • Gardner, John C.

Abstract

We examine the stock market effect of changes in the composition of the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA). Unlike S&P 500 listing studies, we find that the price and the trading volume of newly listed DJIA firms are unaffected. We attribute this result to a lack of index fund rebalancing, since index trading is limited for most of our sample period and index funds mimic the S&P 500, not the DJIA. Firms removed from the index, however, experience significant price declines. We consider information signaling, price pressure, imperfect substitutes, and information cost/liquidity explanations for these asymmetric findings. The evidence is consistent with the information cost/liquidity explanation, which holds that investors demand a premium for higher trading costs and for holding securities that have relatively less available information.

Suggested Citation

  • Beneish, Messod D. & Gardner, John C., 1995. "Information Costs and Liquidity Effects from Changes in the Dow Jones Industrial Average List," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 30(01), pages 135-157, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:jfinqa:v:30:y:1995:i:01:p:135-157_00
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    Cited by:

    1. Kaserer, Christoph & Munzinger, Jakob & Wagner, Niklas, 2004. "The index effect: Comparison of different measurement approaches," CEFS Working Paper Series 2004-04, Technische Universität München (TUM), Center for Entrepreneurial and Financial Studies (CEFS).
    2. Gregoriou, Andros & Gupta, Jairaj & Healy, Jerome, 2016. "Does Islamic banking increase the liquidity of stocks? An application to the Kingdom of Bahrain," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 132-138.
    3. Ulrich Pape & Stephan Schmidt-Tank, 2005. "Liquidity Effects of Changes in a Pan-European Stock Index," Finance 0503016, EconWPA.
    4. Chen, Haiwei & Ngo, Thanh, 2017. "Leverage-based index revisions: The case of Dow Jones Islamic Market World Index," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 16-34.
    5. Bacha, Obiyathulla I. & Abdullah, Mimi H., 2001. "Halal Stock Designation and Impact on Price and Trading Volume," MPRA Paper 12728, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Feb 2001.
    6. Bechmann, Ken L., 2002. "Price and Volume Effects Associated with Changes in the Danish Blue-Chip Index - The KFX Index," Working Papers 2002-2, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Finance.
    7. Kot, Hung Wan & Leung, Harry K.M. & Tang, Gordon Y.N., 2015. "The long-term performance of index additions and deletions: Evidence from the Hang Seng Index," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 407-420.
    8. Liu, Shinhua, 2011. "The price effects of index additions: A new explanation," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 63(2), pages 152-165, March.
    9. Azevedo, Alcino & Karim, Mohamad & Gregoriou, Andros & Rhodes, Mark, 2014. "Stock price and volume effects associated with changes in the composition of the FTSE Bursa Malaysian KLCI," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 20-35.
    10. repec:eco:journ1:2017-02-06 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Mazouz, Khelifa & Daya, Wael & Yin, Shuxing, 2014. "Index revisions, systematic liquidity risk and the cost of equity capital," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 283-298.
    12. Liu, Shinhua, 2011. "The price effects of index additions: A new explanation," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 63(2), pages 152-165.
    13. Doeswijk, Ronald Q., 2005. "The index revision party," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 93-112.
    14. Wang, Chuan & Murgulov, Zoltan & Haman, Janto, 2015. "Impact of changes in the CSI 300 Index constituents," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 13-33.
    15. Adrian Wai Kong Cheung, 2011. "Do Stock Investors Value Corporate Sustainability? Evidence from an Event Study," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 99(2), pages 145-165, March.
    16. repec:eee:jocaae:v:11:y:2015:i:3:p:231-244 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Yun, Jooyoung & Kim, Tong S., 2010. "The effect of changes in index constitution: Evidence from the Korean stock market," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 258-269, September.
    18. Bryan Mase, 2006. "Investor awareness and the long-term impact of FTSE 100 index redefinitions," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(15), pages 1113-1118.
    19. COLLA, Paolo, 2005. "A market microstructure rationale for the S&P game," CORE Discussion Papers 2005008, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    20. Chan, Kalok & Kot, Hung Wan & Tang, Gordon Y.N., 2013. "A comprehensive long-term analysis of S&P 500 index additions and deletions," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 4920-4930.
    21. Datar, Vinay T. & Y. Naik, Narayan & Radcliffe, Robert, 1998. "Liquidity and stock returns: An alternative test," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 1(2), pages 203-219, August.
    22. repec:ibf:ijbfre:v:11:y:2017:i:2:p:81-92 is not listed on IDEAS

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