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Bid-Ask Spreads and Trading Activity in the S&P 100 Index Options Market


  • George, Thomas J.
  • Longstaff, Francis A.


This paper examines the cross-sectional distribution of bid-ask spreads in the S&P 100 index options market. Cross-sectional differences in bid-ask spreads are found to be directly related to differences in market-making costs and trading activity across options. We also examine the relation of an option's bid-ask spread and trading activity to the spread and trading activity in other options. Call option trading activity is inversely related to the call option bid-ask spread but positively related to the spread of the put option having the same strike price and maturity, and vice versa. These findings suggest that traders view call and put options as substitutes.

Suggested Citation

  • George, Thomas J. & Longstaff, Francis A., 1993. "Bid-Ask Spreads and Trading Activity in the S&P 100 Index Options Market," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 28(03), pages 381-397, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:jfinqa:v:28:y:1993:i:03:p:381-397_00

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    Cited by:

    1. Saraoglu, Hakan & Louton, David & Holowczak, Richard, 2014. "Institutional impact and quote behavior implications of the options penny pilot project," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(4), pages 473-486.
    2. Dew-Becker, Ian & Giglio, Stefano & Le, Anh & Rodriguez, Marius, 2017. "The price of variance risk," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 123(2), pages 225-250.
    3. Santa-Clara, Pedro & Saretto, Alessio, 2009. "Option strategies: Good deals and margin calls," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 391-417, August.
    4. Jimmy E. Hilliard & Jitka Hilliard, 2012. "Matching non-synchronous observations in derivative markets: choosing windows and efficient estimators," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(1), pages 49-60, September.
    5. Cassese, Gianluca & Guidolin, Massimo, 2006. "Modelling the implied volatility surface: Does market efficiency matter?: An application to MIB30 index options," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 145-178.
    6. Guillaume, F., 2015. "The LIX: A model-independent liquidity index," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 214-231.
    7. David S. Bates, 1997. "Post-'87 Crash Fears in S&P 500 Futures Options," NBER Working Papers 5894, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Leippold, Markus & Schärer, Steven, 2017. "Discrete-time option pricing with stochastic liquidity," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 1-16.
    9. Wu, Wei-Shao & Liu, Yu-Jane & Lee, Yi-Tsung & Fok, Robert C.W., 2014. "Hedging costs, liquidity, and inventory management: The evidence from option market makers," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 25-48.
    10. Gianluca Cassesse & Massimo Guidolin, 2005. "Modelling the MIB30 implied volatility surface. Does market efficiency matter?," Working Papers 2005-008, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    11. D'Hulst, R. & Rodgers, G.J., 2001. "Bid distributions of competing agents in simple models of auctions," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 294(3), pages 447-464.
    12. Grundy, Bruce D. & Lim, Bryan & Verwijmeren, Patrick, 2012. "Do option markets undo restrictions on short sales? Evidence from the 2008 short-sale ban," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 106(2), pages 331-348.
    13. Christian Gourieroux & Gaëlle Le Fol, 1997. "Volatilités et mesures de risque," Post-Print halshs-00877048, HAL.
    14. Chuang, Wen-I & Huang, Teng-Ching & Lin, Bing-Huei, 2013. "Predicting volatility using the Markov-switching multifractal model: Evidence from S&P 100 index and equity options," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 168-187.
    15. Giovanni Petrella & Reuben Segara, 2013. "The bid--ask spread of bank-issued options: a quantile regression analysis," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(8), pages 1241-1255, July.
    16. Judith Glaser & Pascal Heider, 2012. "Arbitrage-free approximation of call price surfaces and input data risk," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(1), pages 61-73, August.
    17. Saikat Nandi, 1995. "Asymmetric information about volatility and option markets," FRB Atlanta Working Paper 95-19, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
    18. David S. Bates, 1995. "Testing Option Pricing Models," NBER Working Papers 5129, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    19. Michael S. Johannes & Nicholas G. Polson & Jonathan R. Stroud, 2009. "Optimal Filtering of Jump Diffusions: Extracting Latent States from Asset Prices," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 22(7), pages 2559-2599, July.
    20. Energy Sonono, Masimba & Phillip Mashele, Hopolang, 2016. "Estimation of bid-ask prices for options on LIBOR based instruments," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 19(C), pages 33-41.
    21. Bates, David S., 2000. "Post-'87 crash fears in the S&P 500 futures option market," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 94(1-2), pages 181-238.

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