Problems with the Asymptotic Theory of Maximum Likelihood Estimation in Integrated and Cointegrated Systems
Problems with the asymptotic theory of nonlinear maximum likelihood estimation in integrated and cointegrated systems are discussed in this paper. One problem is that standard proofs of consistency generally do not apply; another one is that, even if the consistency has been established, it can be difficult to deduce the limiting distribution of a maximum likelihood estimator from a conventional Taylor series expansion of the score vector. It is argued in this paper that the latter difficulty can generally be resolved if, in addition to consistency, an appropriate result of the order of consistency of the long-run parameter estimator of the model is available and the standardized sample information matrix satisfies a suitable extension of previous stochastic equicontinuity conditions. To make this idea applicable in particular cases, extensions of the author's recent stochastic equicontinuity results, relevant for many integrated and cointegrated systems with nonlinearities in parameters, are provided. As an illustration, a simple regression model with integrated and stationary regressors and nonlinearities in parameters is considered. In this model, the consistency and order of consistency of the long-run parameter estimator are obtained by employing extensions of well-known sufficient conditions for consistency. These conditions are applicable quite generally, and their verification in the special case of this paper suggests how to proceed in more complex models.
Volume (Year): 11 (1995)
Issue (Month): 05 (October)
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