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The Textile Factory Before Arkwright: A Typology of Factory Development


  • Chapman, Stanley D.


A survey of insurance records covering eighteenth-century manufactories in three branches of the British textile industry reveals much about the gradual evolution of factory production in the early stages of the Industrial Revolution. Professor Chapman suggests that neither size, power source, nor the supervision of work constitutes a useful criterion by which to identify the modern, Arkwright-type factory. The essential characteristic of that institution was that it was specifically designed for flow production, rather than the batch production methods of earlier modes of manufacturing.

Suggested Citation

  • Chapman, Stanley D., 1974. "The Textile Factory Before Arkwright: A Typology of Factory Development," Business History Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 48(04), pages 451-478, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:buhirw:v:48:y:1974:i:04:p:451-478_00

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    Cited by:

    1. Mokyr, Joel, 2001. "The rise and fall of the factory system: technology, firms, and households since the industrial revolution," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 55(1), pages 1-45, December.

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