IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Canadian Housing Allowances Inside and Outside the Welfare System


  • Marion Steele


The aim of this paper is to demonstrate that the design of welfare housing allowances of the sort used in Ontario is badly flawed, while classic rent and income conditioned (RIC) housing allowances, for people who are not on welfare, have a good design. RICs pay a percentage of the difference between actual rent (up to a maximum) and affordable rent, while welfare allowances pay actual rent up to a maximum. The paper focuses on Manitoba and Ontario. Evidence suggests that 1989 Ontario changes, including increasing the subsidy at the margin to 100 percent of rent from 80 percent, increased average allowances much more than 25 percent. Further evidence suggests that in Ontario welfare allowances either increased housing consumption or "welfare landlords" exerted monopoly power to inflate rents. Evidence indicates the Manitoba RIC did not have these effects. The paper argues that not differentiating between Toronto and the rest of Ontario results in major inequities.

Suggested Citation

  • Marion Steele, 1998. "Canadian Housing Allowances Inside and Outside the Welfare System," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 24(2), pages 209-232, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpp:issued:v:24:y:1998:i:2:p:209-232

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: only available to JSTOR subscribers

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cpp:issued:v:24:y:1998:i:2:p:209-232. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Prof. Werner Antweiler). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.