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Measurement of the direction and intensity of the marketing attitude of employees – a compromise between marketing theory and practice


  • Iwona Escher

    (Wydzial Nauk Ekonomicznych i Zarzadzania UMK)


The subject of this paper refers to the questions of the measurement of various dimensions of attitudes (especially theirs direction and intensity) and differences which in that matter exist in the area of theory and practice. The main purpose of the article is to give proposals of methods and scales which can be used to measure the direction and intensity of the marketing attitude of employee, and which join expectations of marketing theorists and marketing researchers.

Suggested Citation

  • Iwona Escher, 2010. "Measurement of the direction and intensity of the marketing attitude of employees – a compromise between marketing theory and practice," Acta Universitatis Nicolai Copernici, Ekonomia, Uniwersytet Mikolaja Kopernika, vol. 41, pages 159-174.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpn:umkanc:2010:p:159-174

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Barro, Robert J & Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1997. "Technological Diffusion, Convergence, and Growth," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 1-26, March.
    2. Robert J. Barro, 1991. "Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(2), pages 407-443.
    3. Nazrul Islam, 2003. "What have We Learnt from the Convergence Debate?," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(3), pages 309-362, July.
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