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La dinámica de los clústeres


  • José María Mendoza Guerra



Este trabajo plantea una base teórica acerca de la dinámica de clúster precisando las diferentes fuerzas que inciden sobre el desarrollo de estas aglomeraciones, Se parte de un análisis de la estructura (componentes y relaciones) de estos enjambres empresariales, se estudian las fuerzas exógena y endógenas, incluyendo en estas últimas las de atracción y de propulsión y con base en esto se mira como es la evolución de los clústeres para terminar analizando el ciclo de vida de ellos. Acompaña al trabajo un apoyo empírico derivado del estudio de diferentes cúmulos en América Latina y en especial, productos de investigación de clústeres de la región Caribe de Colombia. ****** This article presents a theoretical base about the dynamics of clusters studying different forces determinant of growing of this agglomerations. The departure is the cluster structure shaped by components and relationships and then forces endogenous and exogenous are studied, including in the former attracting and propulsion. The evolution of clusters is analyzed and finally this paper concludes with the life cycle of cluster. This article is supported in empirical evidence derivate of different researches of Latin America and namely products of researching in Caribbean Coast of Colombia.

Suggested Citation

  • José María Mendoza Guerra, 2014. "La dinámica de los clústeres," DIMENSIÓN EMPRESARIAL, UNIVERSIDAD AUTONOMA DEL CARIBE, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000461:011183

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bernard, Andrew B. & Bradford Jensen, J., 1999. "Exceptional exporter performance: cause, effect, or both?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 1-25, February.
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    3. Delgado, Miguel A. & Farinas, Jose C. & Ruano, Sonia, 2002. "Firm productivity and export markets: a non-parametric approach," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 397-422, August.
    4. James Levinsohn & Amil Petrin, 2003. "Estimating Production Functions Using Inputs to Control for Unobservables," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 70(2), pages 317-341.
    5. Raphael Bergoeing & Andrea Repetto, 2006. "Micro Efficiency and Aggregate Growth in Chile," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 43(127), pages 169-192.
    6. Fernandes, Ana M., 2008. "Firm Productivity in Bangladesh Manufacturing Industries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 1725-1744, October.
    7. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1982. "Selection and the Evolution of Industry," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(3), pages 649-670, May.
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