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La década ganada: evolución de la clase media, la pobreza y la vulnerabilidad en Colombia 2002-2011


  • Roberto Angulo
  • Alejandro Gaviria Uribe
  • Liliana Morales


Este trabajo estudia la evolución reciente de las condiciones de vida en Colombia con un énfasis en el crecimiento de la clase media. Entre 2002 y 2011, el ingreso per cápita real de los hogares creció 36%, la participación de la clase media en la población total pasó de 16% a 27% y la pobreza disminuyó de 50% a 34% Adicionalmente, los hogares de todos los grupos sociales mejoraron sus condiciones de vida en varias dimensiones: educación, salud, trabajo y características de las viviendas, entre otras. A pesar del aumento reciente, el tamano de la clase media en Colombia sigue siendo relativamente menor al de otros países latinoamericanos y los hogares de clase media no han superado los problemas estructurales de informalidad laboral y bajo nivel educativo.

Suggested Citation

  • Roberto Angulo & Alejandro Gaviria Uribe & Liliana Morales, 2014. "La década ganada: evolución de la clase media, la pobreza y la vulnerabilidad en Colombia 2002-2011," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000438:012273

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    Cited by:

    1. Christian Daude & Nora Lustig & Angel Melguizo & Jose Ramon Perea, 2017. "On the middle 70%. The impact of fiscal policy on the emerging middle class in Latin America using Commitment to Equity," Working Papers 1716, Tulane University, Department of Economics.
    2. Lina Martínez & John Rennie Short & Maria Isabel Zafra, 2019. "A Fragile Hold on Consumption: Consumption and the New Middle Class in Colombia," Review of European Studies, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 11(3), pages 1-73, December.

    More about this item


    Pobreza; Clase Media; Vulnerabilidad; Bienestar;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty


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