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Foreign Entry and the Mexican Banking System, 1997–2007


  • Aldo Musacchio


  • Stephen Haber



What is the impact of foreign bank entry on the pricing and availability of credit in developing economies? The Mexican banking system provides a quasi-experiment to address this question because in 1997 the Mexican government radically changed the laws governing the foreign ownership of banks: the foreign market share therefore increased five-fold between 1997 and 2007. We construct and analyze a panel of Mexican bank financial data covering this period and find no evidence that foreign entry increases the availability of credit. We also find that switching from domestic to foreign ownership is associated with a decrease in non-performing loans and an increase in interest rate spreads, suggesting that foreign concerns bought domestic banks that had been making loans with low interest rates to parties that had a low probability of repayment.

Suggested Citation

  • Aldo Musacchio & Stephen Haber, 2012. "Foreign Entry and the Mexican Banking System, 1997–2007," ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, vol. 0(Fall 2012), pages 13-37, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000425:010028

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Nuri BALTACI & Gizem AKBULUT & Gürsan CÝVELEK, 2014. "The Relationship between Foreign Banking and Credit Access: Panel Analysis Method," Journal of Economics and Political Economy, KSP Journals, vol. 1(1), pages 39-48, September.
    2. Stephen H. Haber & Aldo Musacchio, 2013. "These Are the Good Old Days: Foreign Entry and the Mexican Banking System," NBER Working Papers 18713, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

    More about this item


    Mexican; Mexico; Bank; Banking system; economies; pricing; credit; domestic; foreign;

    JEL classification:

    • E02 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - Institutions and the Macroeconomy
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages


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