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Regulación ambiental en Colombia: el caso de la tasa retributiva para el control de la contaminación hídrica

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  • Francisco Javier Correa Restrepo

    ()

  • Angélica de la Ossa Arteaga
  • Zuly Vallejo Chanci

Abstract

En los últimos años, en Colombia se han dado cambios importantes en materia de regulación de la calidad de los cuerpos de agua receptores de efluentes contaminantes. Es así como se ha pasado del control directo a la utilización de impuestos a la contaminación a través de las tasas retributivas. Así, este trabajo establece un marco teórico para la tasa retributiva y analiza el impacto de la aplicación de dicha tasa sobre las tarifas residenciales de acueducto y alcantarillado en un municipio de Colombia. La conclusión central de este trabajo es que el número de usuarios es un factor fundamental para la distribución de los costos de las tasas retributivas en los municipios, pues si el número de usuarios es bajo,estas tasas ambientales tienen un alto impacto negativo sobre los ingresos de los estratos más bajos, disminuyendo así el bienestar de estos grupos de población.

Suggested Citation

  • Francisco Javier Correa Restrepo & Angélica de la Ossa Arteaga & Zuly Vallejo Chanci, 2007. "Regulación ambiental en Colombia: el caso de la tasa retributiva para el control de la contaminación hídrica," REVISTA SEMESTRE ECONÓMICO, UNIVERSIDAD DE MEDELLÍN, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000217:005628
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    File URL: http://revistas.udem.edu.co/index.php/economico/article/view/324/292
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Leonard-Barton, Dorothy, 1988. "Implementation as mutual adaptation of technology and organization," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 251-267, October.
    2. Bunge, Mario, 2000. "Systemism: the alternative to individualism and holism," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 147-157.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    contaminación hídrica; incentivos económicos; optimalidad; análisis costo- eficiencia; impuestos pigouvianos;

    JEL classification:

    • D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics

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