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Consideraciones empíricas del consumo de los hogares, el caso del gasto en electricidad y alimentos

Author

Listed:
  • Carlos Alberto Barreto

    ()

  • Mario Andrés Ramón

    ()

Abstract

La teoría del consumidor ha formulado que los aumentos en los ingresos delas personas implica una disminución del gasto relativo en alimentos. Estahipótesis, se conoce en la literatura como la ley de Engel. Esta hipótesistambién ha sido aplicada a otros bienes de primera necesidad mediante loque se conoce como la Curva de Engel, la cual permite observar el impactoen el gasto de cualquier bien ante cambios en la renta. Por tales motivos,este trabajo expone empíricamente el comportamiento del consumo de loshogares por medio de un análisis estadístico y econométrico utilizando elconcepto de la curva de Engel para electricidad y alimentos por medio de unaregresión cuantílica, en la que se pretende capturar no solo la pendientenegativa entre las variables relacionadas, sino su cambio por medio de losdistintos niveles de ingresos de la muestra seleccionada.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos Alberto Barreto & Mario Andrés Ramón, 2008. "Consideraciones empíricas del consumo de los hogares, el caso del gasto en electricidad y alimentos," REVISTA CIFE, UNIVERSIDAD SANTO TOMÁS, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000195:005565
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    File URL: http://www.usta.edu.co/otras_pag/revistas/r_cife/cife13/RC13_15.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Yannira Chávez & Paúl Medina, 2012. "Diferencia de gastos según tamaño y composición familiar: una aplicación para Ecuador usando escalas de equivalencia," Analítika, Analítika - Revista de Análisis Estadístico/Journal of Statistical Analysis, vol. 4(2), pages 7-24, Diciembre.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    función de demanda; ley de Engel; regresión por cuantiles;

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Y - Miscellaneous Categories
    • R22 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Other Demand

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