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Apertura económica en colombia y el sector externo (1990 -2004)

  • Aura Isabel Nájar Martínez

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    Resumen La transición de una economía proteccionista basada en el modelo de sustitución de importaciones, a un modelo neoliberal de apertura económica en la década de los noventa, trajo efectos a la economía colombiana, especialmente para la industria nacional, el sector agrícola y el desarrollo de las pequeñas y medianas empresas colombianas, provocando un crecimiento de las exportaciones no tradicionales y generando un aumento en la entrada de divisas para el país. Paralelo a ello, también se incrementaron las importaciones de bienes intermedios, de bienes de consumo no durable y bienes de capital, estos últimos principalmente dirigidos hacia el sector industrial y equipos de transporte, induciendo a una inestabilidad en la balanza comercial, que se reflejó en un creciente déficit en la cuenta corriente de la balanza de pagos, la cual fue compensada con la entrada de capital de largo plazo y su correspondiente endeudamiento público; que aunado a otros factores de orden nacional, hicieron que se dilatara de 1991 a 2004 en US $16.734,5 millones el saldo de la deuda externa de mediano y largo plazo del Gobierno Nacional.

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    File URL: http://virtual.uptc.edu.co/revistas2013f/index.php/cenes/article/view/192
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    Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD PEDAGOGICA Y TECNOLOGICA DE COLOMBIA in its journal REVISTA APUNTES DEL CENES.

    Volume (Year): (2006)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages:

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    Handle: RePEc:col:000152:011410
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