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Análisis de las dinámicas culturales al interior de un clúster empresarial

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  • GREGORIO CALDERÓN HERNÁNDEZ

    ()

  • LAURA MARCELA LÓPEZ POSADA

    ()

Abstract

Los clústeres empresariales se hanconstituido en mecanismos para impulsarla competitividad de sectoresen regiones y tradicionalmente hansido analizados desde la perspectivaeconómica (por su aporte en variablesmacroeconómicas), pero parasu consolidación todo conglomeradoempresarial requiere la comprensiónde relaciones sociales, culturales ypolíticas.Resulta difícil estudiar estas relacionesdesde teorías organizacionalestradicionales como la estructuralistao la contingencial, y se debe recurrira otras perspectivas como el neoinstitucionalismosociológico, enfoqueque es utilizado en la presente investigación.La investigación fundamento delartículo se hizo en un sector consideradodinámico para el eje cafeterocomo es el de herramientas, la cualfue abordada desde un enfoque cualitativomediante la aplicación de dosguías de entrevista semiestructurada(se aplicaron a treinta empresas dela cadena productiva y a nueve entidadesde apoyo), diario de campo yanálisis de fuentes documentales.Se concluye que en el clúster predominanel individualismo, la desconfianzay la ausencia de elementosidentitarios, simultáneamente confuertes lazos comerciales y prácticasde gestión que se han institucionalizadopor procesos isomórficos.

Suggested Citation

  • Gregorio Calderón Hernández & Laura Marcela López Posada, 2006. "Análisis de las dinámicas culturales al interior de un clúster empresarial," ESTUDIOS GERENCIALES, UNIVERSIDAD ICESI, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000129:004002
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Smith, Vernon L, 1989. "Theory, Experiment and Economics," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 3(1), pages 151-169, Winter.
    2. Smith, Vernon L & Walker, James M, 1993. "Monetary Rewards and Decision Cost in Experimental Economics," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 31(2), pages 245-261, April.
    3. Simon, Herbert A, 1978. "Rationality as Process and as Product of Thought," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, pages 1-16.
    4. Battalio, Raymond C & Kagel, John H & Jiranyakul, Komain, 1990. "Testing between Alternative Models of Choice under Uncertainty: Some Initial Results," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 3(1), pages 25-50, March.
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