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Control a los flujos de capital y credibilidad en el Gobierno

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  • Alberto Calderón

Abstract

El control a los flujos de capitales es un instrumento utilizado en varios países. Estos, generalmente, se caracterizan por tener un desempeño macroeconómico inestable. En este trabajo se presenta un modelo teórico que busca explicar dicha situación.La restricción a la movilidad de capitales genera distorsiones macroeconómicas, las cuales siempre tienen costos para el país. Por su parte, los beneficios del control dependen de la credibilidad de las autoridades económicas. En otras palabras, si el sector privado no tiene confianza en la política económica del gobierno, dichos controles pueden ser más benéficos. No obstante, para países con una tradición de eficacia en el manejo macroeconómico, los beneficios de las restricciones tienden a desaparecer y, por lo tanto, desaparece también la justificación económica para mantener dichos controles.

Suggested Citation

  • Alberto Calderón, 1990. "Control a los flujos de capital y credibilidad en el Gobierno," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, vol. 9(17), pages 7-20, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000107:007764
    DOI: 10.32468/Espe.1701
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